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AHENOBARBUS.

commanded a fleet of fifty ships in the Ionian sea, and completely defeated Domitius Calvinus on the day of the first battle of Philippi, as the latter attempted to sail out of Brundusium. He was saluted Imperator in consequence, and a record of this victory is preserved in the annexed coin, which represents a trophy placed upon the prow of a vessel. The head on the other side of the coin has a beard, in reference to the reputed origin of the family.

After the battle of Philippi (42), Ahenobarbus conducted the war independently of Sex. Pompeius, and with a fleet of seventy ships and two legions plundered the coasts of the Ionian sea.

In 40 Ahenobarbus became reconciled to Antony, which gave great offence to Octavianus, and was placed over Bithynia by Antony. In the peace concluded with Sex. Pompeius in 39, Antony pro­vided for the safety of Ahenobarbus, and obtained for him the promise of the consulship for 32. Ahenobarbus remained a considerable time in Asia, and accompanied Antony in his unfortunate campaign against the Parthians in 36. He became consul, according to agreement, in 32, in which year the open rupture took place between Antony and Augustus. Ahenobarbus fled from Rome to Antony at Ephesus, where he found Cleopatra with him, and endeavoured, in vain, to obtain her removal from the army. Many of the soldiers, disgusted with the conduct of Antony, offered the command to him; but he preferred deserting the party altogether, and accordingly went over to Augustus shortly before the battle of Actium. He was not, however, present at the battle, as he died a few days after joining Augustus. Suetonius says that he was the best of his family. (Cic. Phil. ii. 11, x. 6, Brut. 25, ad Fam. vi. 22 ; Appian, 33. C. v. 55, 63, 65 ; Plut. Anton. 70, 71 ; Dion Cass. lib. xlvii.—1; Vellei. ii. 763 84; Suet. Ner. 3 ; Tac. Ann. iv. 44.)

9. L. domitius cn. f. L. n. ahenobarbus, son of the preceding, was betrothed in b. c. 36, at the meeting of Octavianus and Antony at Taren-tum, to Antonia, the daughter of the latter by Octavia. He was aedile in b. c. 22, and consul in b. c. 16. After his consulship, and probably as the successor of Tiberius, he commanded the Roman army in Germany, crossed the Elbe, and penetrat­ed further into the country than any of his prede­cessors had done. He received in consequence the insignia of a triumph. He died A. d. 25. Sueto­nius describes him as haughty, prodigal, and cruel, and relates that in his aedileship he commanded the censor L. Plancus to make way for him ; and that in his praetorsliip and consulship he brought Roman knights and matrons on the stage. He exhibited shows of wild beasts in every quarter of the city, and his gladiatorial combats were con­ducted with so much bloodshed, that Augustus was obliged to put some restraint upon them. (Suet. Ner. 4; Tac. Ann, iv. 44; Dion Cass. liv. 59 ; Vellei, ii. 72.)

AJAX.

10. cn. domitius L. f, cn. n. ahenobaruus* son of the preceding, and father of the emperor Nero. He married Agrippina, the daughter of Germanicus. He was consul a. d. 32, and after­wards proconsul in Sicily. He died at Pyrgi in Etruria of dropsy. His life was stained with crimes of every kind. He was accused as the ac­complice of Albucilla of the crimes of adultery and murder, and also of incest with his sister Domitia Lepida, and only escaped execution by the death of Tiberius. When congratulated on the birth of his son, afterwards Nero, he replied that whatever was sprung from him and Agrippina could only bring ruin to the state. (Suet. Ner. 5, 6 ; Tac. Ann. iv. 75, vi. 1, 47, xii. 64 ; Vellei. ii. 72 ; Dion Cass. Iviii. 17.)

11. domitia, daughter of No. 9. [domitja.]

12. domitia lepida, daughter of No. 9. [domitia lepida.]

13. L. domitius ahenobarbus, son of No. 10, afterwards the emperor Nero. [nero.]

14. cn. domitius ahenobarbus, praetor in b. c. 54, presided at the second trial of M. Coelius. (Cic. ad Qit. Fr. ii. 13.) He may have been the son of No. 5.

15. L. domitius ahenobarbus, praetor b. c. 80, commanded the province of nearer Spain, with the title of proconsul. In 79, he was summoned into further Spain by Q. Metellus Pius, who was in want of assistance against Sertorius, but he was defeated and killed by Hirtuleius, quaestor of Sertorius, near the Anas. (Plut. Serf. 12; Liv. Epit. 90; Eutrop. vi. 1; Florus, iii. 22; Oros. v. 23.)

AJAX ( A'/as). 1. A son of Telamon, king o\ Salamis, by Periboea or Eriboea (Apollod. iii. 12, § 7 ; Paus. i. 42. § 4; Pind. IstJi. vi. 65 ; Diod. iv. 72), and a grandson of Aeacus. Homer calls him Ajax the Telamonian, Ajax the Great, qj simply Ajax (II. ii. 768, ix. 169, xiv. 410 ; comp Pind. Istli. vi. 38), whereas the other Ajax, th< son of OVleus, is always distinguished from th< former by some epithet. According to Home: Ajax joined the expedition of the Greeks agains Troy, with his Salaminians, in twelve ships (It ii. 557 ; comp. Strab. ix. p. 394), and was next t Achilles the most distinguished and the braves among the Greeks, (ii. 768, xvii. 279, &c.) H is described as tall of stature, and his head an. broad shoulders as rising above those of all th Greeks (iii. 226, &c.); in beauty he was inferk to none but Achilles. (Od. xi. 550, xxiv. 17 comp. Paus. i. 35. § 3.) When Hector challenge the bravest of the Greeks to single combat, Aja came forward among several others. The peop! prayed that he might fight, and when the 1< fell to Ajax (II. vii. 179, &c.), and he a] preached, Plector himself began to tremble. (215 He wounded Hector and dashed him to the groin by a huge stone. The combatants were separate and upon parting they exchanged arms with 01 another as a token of mutual esteem. (305, &c Ajax was also one of the ambassadors whom Ag memnon sent to conciliate Achilles, (ix. 169.) I fought several times besides with Hector, as in t battle near the ships of the Greeks (xiv. 409, &c. 5 415, xvi. 114), and in protecting the body of Pat] clus. (xvii. 128, 7 32.) In the games at the fune: pile of Patroclus, Ajax fought with Odysseus, I without gaining any decided advantage over h (xxiii. 720, &c.), and in like manner with D

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