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85

AHENOBARBUS.

ait. Among the many sayings recorded of both, we are told that Crassus observed, "that it was no wonder that a man had a beard of brass, who had a mouth of iron and a heart of lead." (Plin. H. N. xviii. 1; Suet. I.e.; Val. Max. ix. 1. § 4; Macrob. Sat. ii. 11.) Cicero says, that Domitius was not to be reckoned among the orators, but that he spoke well enough and had sufficient talent to maintain his high rank. (Cic. Brut. 44.)

5. L. domitius cn. f. cn. n. ahenobarbus, son of No. 3 and brother of No. 4, was praetor in Sicily, probably in b. c. 96, shortly after the Ser­vile war, when slaves had been forbidden to carry arms. He ordered a slave to be crucified for kill­ing a wild boar with a hunting spear. (Cic. Verr. v. 3; Val. Max. vi. 3. § 5.) He was consul in 94. In the civil war between Mantis and Sulla, he espoused the side of the latter, and was mur­dered at Rome, by order of the younger Marius, by the praetor Damasippus. (Appian, B. C. i. 88 ; Vellei. ii. 26 ; Oros. v. 20.)

6. cn. domitius cn. f. cn. f. ahenobarbus, apparently a son of No. 4, married Cornelia, daugh­ter of L. Cornelius China, consul in b. c. 87, and in the civil war between Marius and Sulla espoused the side of the former. When Sulla obtained the supreme power in 82, Ahenobarbus was proscribed, and fled to Africa, where he was joined by many who were in the same condition as himself. With the assistance of the Numiclian king, Hiarbas, he collected an army, but was defeated near Utica by Cn. Pompeius, whom. Sulla had sent against him, ind was afterwards killed in the storming of his ramp, b. c. 81. According to some accounts, he ,vas killed after the battle by command of Pompey.

Liv. Epit. 89 ; Plut. Pomp. 10,12; Zonaras, x. 2;

3ros. v. 21; Val. Max. vi. 2. § 8.)

7. L. domitius cn. f. cn. n. ahenobakbus,

on of No. 4, is first mentioned in b. c. 70 by

Cicero, as a witness against Verres. In 61 he

ras curale aedile, when he exhibited a hundred

^umidian lions, and continued the games so long,

hat the people were obliged to leave the circus

efore the exhibition was over, in order to take

>od, which was the first time they had done so.

Dion Cass. xxxvii. 46 ; Plin. //. N. viii. .54 ; this

ause in the games was called diludium, Hor. Ep.

19. 47.) He married Poreia, the sister of M.

ato, and in his aedileship supported the latter in

is proposals against bribery at elections, which

ere directed against Pompey, who was purchasing

)tes for Afranius. The political opinions of Ahe-

>barbus coincided with those of Cato; he was

roughout his life one of the strongest supporters

the aristocratical party. He took an active part

opposing the measures of Caesar and Pompey

ter their coalition, and in 59 was accused by

' *>

attius, at the instigation of Caesar, of being an complice to the pretended conspiracy against the 3 of Pompey.

Ahenobarbus was praetor in b. c. 58, and pro­sed an investigation into the validity of the lian laws of the preceding year; but the senate red not entertain his propositions. He was can-late for the consulship of 55, and threatened it he would in his consulship carry into execu-ii the measures he had proposed in his praetor-p, and deprive Caesar of his province. He was 'eated, however, by Pompey and Crassus, who 3 became candidates, and was driven from the mpus Martins on the day of election by force of

AHENOBARBUS.

arms. He became a candidate again in the follow­ing year, and Caesar and Pompey, whose power was firmly established, did not oppose him. He was accordingly elected consul for 54 with Ap. Claudius Pulcher, a relation of Pompey, but was not able to effect anything against Caesar and Pompey. He did not go to a province at the ex­piration of his consulship; and as the friendship between Caesar and Pompey cooled, he became closely allied with the latter. In B. c. 52, he was chosen by Pompey to preside, as quaesitor, in the court for the trial of Clodius. For the next two or three years during Cicero's absence in Cili-cia, our information about Ahenobarbus is princi­pally derived from the letters of his enemy Coelius to Cicero. In b. c. 50 he was a candidate for the p.lace in the college of augurs, vacant by the death of Hortensius, but was defeated by Antony through the influence of Caesar.

The senate appointed him to succeed Caesar in the province of further Gaul, and on the march of the latter into Italy (49), he was the only one of the aristocratical party who shewed any energy or courage. He threw himself into Corfinium with about twenty cohorts, expecting to be supported by Pompey; but as the latter did nothing to assist him, he was compelled by his own troops to sur­render to Caesar. His own soldiers were incorpo­rated into Caesar's army, but Ahenobarbus was dismissed by Caesar uninjured—an act of clemency which he did not expect, and which he would cer­tainly not have shewed, if he had been the con­queror. Despairing of life, he had ordered his physician to administer to him poison, but the lat­ter gave him only a sleeping draught. Ahenobarbus' feelings against Caesar remained unaltered, but he was too deeply offended by the conduct of Pompey to join him immediately. He retired for a short time to Cosa in Etruria, and afterwards sailed to Massilia, of which the inhabitants appointed him governor. He prosecuted the war vigorously against Caesar; but the town was eventually taken, and Ahenobarbus escaped in a vessel, which was the only one that got off.

Ahenobarbus now went to Pompey in Thessaly, and proposed that after the war all senators should be brought to trial who had remained neutral in it. Cicero, whom he branded as a coward, was not a little afraid of him. He fell in the battle of Pharsalia (48), where he commanded the left wing, and, according to Cicero's assertion in the second Philippic, by the hand of Antony. Ahenobarbus was a man of great energy of character; he re­mained firm to his political principles, but was little scrupulous in the means he employed to maintain them. (The passages of Cicero in which, Ahenobaxbus is mentioned are given in Orelli's Onomasticon Tullwmum ; Suet. Ner. 2 ; Dion Cass. lib. xxxix. xli.; Caes. Bell. Civ.}

8. cn. domitius L. f. cn. n. ahenobarbus, son of the preceding, was taken with his father at Corfmium (b. c. 49), and was present at the battle of Pharsalia (48), but did not take any further part in the war. He did not however return to Italy till 46, when he was pardoned by Cae­sar. He probably had no share in the murder of Caesar (44), though some writers expressly assert that he was one of the conspirators ; but he followed Brutus into Macedonia after Caesar's death, and was condemned by the Lex Pedia in 43 as one of the murderers of Caesar. In 42 he

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