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On this page: Aetius – Aetna – Aetnaeus – Aetole – Aetolus – Afer – Afrania

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AETOLUS.

gion? p. 421, ed. Paris. Six books (namely, from the eighth to the thirteenth, inclusive), were published at Basel, 1533, fol., translated into Latin by Janus Cornarius, with the title " Ae'tii An-tiocheni Medici de cognoscendis et curandis Morbis Sermones Sex jam priinum in lucem editi," etc. In 1535, the remaining ten books were translated and published at Basel, by J. B. Montanus, in two volumes, so that the three volumes form together a complete and uniform edition of the work. In 1534, 4to., a complete Latin translation was pub­lished at Venice by the Juntas. In 1542, Corna­rius completed and published a translation of the whole work (Basil, fol.); which was reprinted at Basel, 1549, 8vo.; Venice, 1543, 1544, 8vo.; Lyons, 1549, fol.; and in H. Stephens'^ " Me-dicae Artis Principes," Paris. 1567, fol. Two useful works on Aeti us deserve to be mentioned ; one by C. Oroscius (Horozco), entitled " Anno-tationes in Interpretes Aetii," Basil. 1540, 4to.; the other an academical dissertion by C. Weigel, entitled " Aetianarum Exercitationum Specimen," Lips. 1791, 4to. (See Freind's Hist, of Physic, from whose work many of the preceding remarks have been taken; Cagnati Variae Observed, iv. 18 ; Haller, Biblioth. Medic. Pract. vol. i. p. 200 ; Sprengel, Hist, de la Mtdecine; Choulant, Hand-buck der Bucherkunde fur die Aeltere Medicin.)

[W. A. G.]

AETIUS, SICA'MIUS (Sucdfuos 6 *A£rios), sometimes called Aetitts Sicanius or Siculus, the author of a treatise Tlepl WieAayx°^L<*s9 De Melan­cholia, which is commonly printed among the works of Galen. (Vol. xix. p. 699, &c.) His date is uncertain, but, if he be not the same person as Ae'tius of Amida, he must have lived after him, as his treatise corresponds exactly with part of the latter's great medical work (tetrab. ii. semi. ii. 9 —11, p. 250, &c.): it is compiled from Galen, Rufus, Posidonius, and Marcellus. [W. A. GJ

AETNA (AfT^T?), a Sicilian nymph, and accord­ ing to Alcimus (ap. Schol. Theocrit. i. 65), a daugh­ ter of Uranus and Gaea, or of Briareus. Simo- nides said that she had acted as arbitrator between Hephaestus and Demeter respecting the possession of Sicily. By Zeus or Hephaestus she became the mother of the Palici. (Serv. ad Aen. ix. 584.) Mount Aetna in Sicily was believed to hare de­ rived its name from her, and under it Zeus buried Typhon, Enceladus, or Briareus. The mountain itself was believed to be the place in which He­ phaestus and the Cyclops made the thunderbolts for Zeus. (Eurip. Cyd. 296; Propert. iii. 15. 21; Cic. De Divinat. ii. 19.) [L. S.]

AETNAEUS (Alrvcuos), an epithet given to several gods and mythical beings connected with Mount Aetna, such as Zeus, of whom there was a statue on mount Aetna, and to whom a festival was celebrated there, called Aetnaea (Schol. ad Find. Ol. vi. 162), Hephaestus, who had his work­shop in the mountain, and a temple near it (Aelian. Hist. An. xi. 3; Spanheim, ad Callim. hymn, in Dian. 56), and the Cyclops. (Virg. Aen. viii. 440, xi. 263, iii. 768 j Ov. Ex Pont. ii. 2.115.) [L. S.]

AETOLE (Atrwtof), a surname of Artemis, by which she was worshipped at Naupactus. In her temple in that town there was a statue of white marble representing her in the attitude of throwing a javelin. (Paus. x. 38. § 6.) [L. S.]

AETOLUS (M™\6s\ 3. A son of Endymion and the nymph Nei's, or Iphianassa. (Apollod. i. 7.

AFRANIA.

§ 6.) According to Pausanias (v. i. § 2), his mo­ther was called Asterodia, Chromia, or Hyperippe. He was married to Pronoe, by whom he had two sons, Pleuron and Calydon. His brothers were Paeon, Epeius, and others. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Na£os; Conon. Narrat. 14 ; Schol. ad Pind. Ol. i. 28.) His father compelled him and his two brothers Paeon and Epeius to decide by a contest at Olympia as to which of them was to succeed him in his kingdom of Elis. Epeius gained the victory, and occupied the throne after his father, and on his demise he was succeeded lay Aetolus. .During the funeral games which were celebrated in honour of Azan, he ran with his chariot over Apis, the son of Jason or Salmoneus, and killed him, whereupon he was ex­pelled by the sons of Apis. (Apollod. 1. c.; Paus. v. 1. § 6 ; Strab. viii. p. 357.) After leaving Pelopon­nesus, he went to the country of the Curetes, be­tween the Achelous and the Corinthian gulf, where he slew Dorus, LaodocuS, and Polypoetes, the sons of Plelios and Phthia, and gave to the country the name of Aetolia. (Apollod. Paus. II. cc.) This story is only a mythical account of the colonisation of Aetolia. (Strab. x. p. 463.)

2. A son of Oxylus and Pieria, and brother of LaTas. He died at a tender age, and his parents were enjoined by an oracle to bury him neither within nor without the town of Elis. They accord­ingly buried him under the gate at which the road to Olympia commenced. The gymnasiarch of Elis used to offer an annual sacrifice on his tomb as late as the time of Pausanias. (v. 4. § 2.) [L. S.]

AFER, DOMI'TIUS, of Nemausus (Nismes) in Gaul, was praetor A. d. 25, and gained the fa­vour of Tiberius by accusing Claudia Pulchra, the consobrina of Agrippina, in A. d. 26. (Tac. Ann. iv. 52.) From this time he became one of the most celebrated orators in Rome, but sacrificed his character by conducting accusations for the govern­ment. In the following year,. a. d. 27, he is again mentioned by Tacitus as the accuser of Varus Quintilius, the son of Claudia Pulchra. (Ann. iv. 66.) In consequence of the accusation of Claudia Pulchra, and of some offence which he had given to Caligula, he was accused by the emperor in the senate, but by concealing his own skill in speak­ing, and pretending to be overpowered by the eloquence of Caligula, he not only escaped the danger, but was made consul suffectus in a. d. 39. (Dion Cass. lix. 19, 20.) In his old age Afer lost much of his reputation by continuing to speak in public, when his powers were exhausted. (Quintil. xii. 11. § 3; Tac. Ann. iv. 52.) He died in the reign of Nero, a. d. 60 (Tac. Ann. xiv. 19), in consequence of a surfeit, according to Hieronymus in the Chronicon of Eusebius.

Quintilian, when a young man, heard Domitius Afer (comp. Plin. Ep. ii. 14), and frequently speaks of him as the most distinguished orator of his age. He says that Domitius Afer and Julius Africanus were the best orators he had heard, and that he prefers the former to the latter, (x. 1. § 118.) Quintilian refers to a work of his " On Testimony" (v. 7. § 7), to one entitled "Dicta" (vi. 3. § 42), and to some of his orations, of which those on be­half of Domitilla, or Cloantilla, and Volusenus Catulus seem to have been the most celebrated. (viii. 5. § 16, ix. 2. § 20, 3. § 66, 4. § 31, x. 1. § 24, &c.) Respecting the will of Domitius Afer, see Plin. Ep. viii. 18.

AFRANIAj CAIA or GAIA, the wife of the

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