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(Polyb. xxxii, 12 ; Diod. Exc. xxxi.; Val. Max. vi. 7. § 1; Plut. Aem. 2; Liv. xxxviii. 57.)
3. The third daughter of L. Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus was a little girl when her father was appointed consul a second time to conduct the war against Perseus. Upon returning home after his election he found her in tears, and upon inquiring the reason she told him that Perseus had died, which was the name of her dog; whereupon he exclaimed " I accept the omen," and regarded it as a pledge of his success in the war. (Cic. de Div. i. 46, ii. 40; Plut. Aem. 10.)
5. A vestal virgin, who was put to death b. c. 114 for having committed incest upon several occasions. She induced two of the other vestal virgins, Marcia and Licinia, to commit the same crime, but these two were acquitted by the ponti-fiees, when Aemilia was condemned, but were subsequently condemned by the praetor L. Cassius. (Plut. Qmestt Rom. p. 284 ; Liv. Epit. 63 ; Orosius, v. 15 ; Ascon. in Cic. Mil. p. 467 ed. Orelli.)
AEMILIA GENS, originally written AIMI-LIA, one of the most ancient patrician houses at Rome. Its origin is referred to the time of Numa, and it is said to have been descended from Ma-mercus, who received the name of Aemilius on account of the persuasiveness of his language (Si al/jivXiav \6yov). This Mamercus is represented by some as the son of Pythagoras, and by others as the son of Numa, while a third account traces his origin to Ascanius, who had two sons, Julius and Aemylos. (Plut. Aemil. 2, Num. 8, 21; Festus, s. v. Aemil.) Amulius is also mentioned as one of the ancestors of the Aemilii. (Sil. Ital. viii. 297.) It seems pretty clear that the Aemilii were of Sabine origin ; and Festus derives the name Mamercus from the Oscan, Mamers in that language being the same as Mars. The Sabines spoke Oscan. Since then the Aemilii were supposed to have come to Rome in the time of Numa, and Numa was said to have been intimate with Pythagoras, we can see the origin of the legend which makes the ancestor of the house the son of Pvtha-
goras. The first member of the house who obtained the consulship was L. Aemilius Mamercus, in b. c. 484.
The family-names of this gens are : barbula, bug a, lepidus, mamercus or mamercinus, papus, paullus, regillus, scaurus. Of these names Buca, Lepidus, Paullus, and Scaurus are the only ones that occur on coins.
AEMILIANUS. 1. The son of L. Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus, was adopted by P.Cornelius Scipio, the son of P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus, and was thus called P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus. [ scipio.]
2. The governor of Pannonia and Moesia in the reign of Gallus. He is also called Aemilius ; and on coins we find as his praenomen both Marcus and Cains. On one coin he is called C. Julius Aemilianus ; but there is some doubt about the genuineness of the word Julius. (Eckhel, vii. p. 372.) He was born in Mauritania about a. d. 206. He defeated the barbarians who had invaded his province, and chased them as far as the Danube, a.d. 253. He distributed among his soldiers the booty he had gained, and was saluted emperor by them. He then marched into Italy, but Gallus, who had advanced to meet him, was slain at Interamna to-
gether with his son Volusianus by his own soldiers* Aemilianus was acknowledged by the senate, but was slain after a reign of three or four months by his soldiers near Spoletum, on the approach of Valeri-anus. According to other accounts he died a natural death. (Zosimus, i. 28, 29; Zonaras, xii. 21, 22 ; Eutrop. ix. 5 ; Aurel. Vict, de Caes. 81, Epit. 31.)
3. One of the thirty tyrants (a. d. 259—268) was compelled by the troops in Egypt to assume the purple. He took the surname of Alexander or Alexandrinus. Gallienus sent Theodotus against him, by whom he was taken and sent prisoner to Gallienus. Aemilianus was strangled in prison. (Trebell. Poll. Trig. Tyr. 22, Gallien. 4, 5.)
AEMILIANUS (who is also called Aemilius) lived in the fifth century after Christ, and is known as a physician, confessor, and martyr. In
the reign of the Vandal King Hunneric (a, d.
477-484), during the Arian persecution in Africa, he was most cruelly put to death. The Romish church celebrates his memory on the sixth of De cember, the Greek church on the seventh. (Mar- tyrol. Rom. ed. Baron. ; Victor Vitensis, De Per- secut. Vandal, v. 1, with Ruinart's notes, Paris. 8vo. 1694; Bzovius, Nomendator Sanctorum Pro fessions Medicorum.) . [ W. A. G.]
AEMILIANUS (AlpiXiavos), a native of the town of Nicaea, and an epigrammatic poet. Nothing further is known about him. Three of his epi grams have been preserved. (Anthol. Grace, vii. 623, ix. 218, 756.) [C. P. M.] AEMI'LIUS ASPER. [aspeh.] AEMI'LIUS MACER. [macer.] AEMI'LIUS MAGNUS ARBO'RIUS. [AR-
AEMILIUS PARTHENIANUS. [par-
AENEADES (Au'etc&es), a patronymic from Aeneas, and applied as a surname to those who were believed to be descended from him, such as Ascanius, Augustus, and the Romans in general. (Virg. A en* ix. 653; Ov. Ex Pont. i. 35 ; Met. xv. 682, 695.) [L. S.]
AENEAS (Afrei'as). Homeric Story. Aeneas was the son of Anchises and Aphrodite, and born on mount Ida. On his father's side he was a great-grandson of Tros, and thus nearly related to the royal house of Troy, as Priam himself was a grandson of Tros. (Horn. II. xx. 215, &c., ii. 820, v. 247, &c.; Hes. Theog. 1007, &e.) He was educated from his infancy at Dardanus, in the house of Alcathous, the husband of his sister. (//.