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ADRASTUS.

the verb 5t8pa<rK6ii/, according to which it would ! signify the goddess whom none can escape. (Yale- ken, (id Herod, iii. 40.) [L. S.]

ADRASTINE. [adrastus.]

ADRASTUS (*A5pa<rTos), a son of Talaus, king of Argos, and of Lysimache. (Apollod. i. 9. § 13.) Pausanias (ii. 6. § 3) calls his mother Lysianassa, and Hygimis {Fab. 69) Eurynome. (Comp. Schol. ad Eurip. Plioen. 423.) During a feud between the most powerful houses in Argos, Talaus was slain by Amphiaraus, and Adrastus being expelled from his dominions fled to Polybus, then king of Sicyon. When Polybus died with­out heirs, Adrastus succeeded him on the throne of Sicyon, and during his reign he is said to have instituted the Nemeau games. (Horn, II. ii. 572; Pind. Nem. ix. 30, £c. ; Herod, v. 67 ; Pans. ii. 6. § 3.) Afterwards, however, Adrastus became reconciled to Amphiaraus, gave him his sister Eri-phyle in marriage, and returned to his kingdom of Argos. During the time he reigned there it hap­pened that Tydeus of Calydon and Polynices of Thebes, both fugitives from their native countries, met at Argos near the palace of Adrastus, and came to words and from words to blows. On hearing the noise, Adrastus hastened to them and separated the combatants, in whom he immediately recognised the two men that had been promised to him by an oracle as the future husbands of two of his daughters ; for one bore on his shield the figure of a boar, and the other that of a lion, and the oracle was, that one of his daughters was to marry a boar and the other a lion. Adras­tus therefore gave his daughter Deipyle to Tydeus, and Argeia to Polynices, and at the same time promised to lead each of these princes back to his own country. Adrastus now prepared for war against Thebes, although Amphiaraus foretold that all who should engage in it should perish, with the exception of Adrastus. (Apollod. iii. 6. § 1, &c.; Hygin. Fab. 69, 70.)

Thus arose the celebrated war of the u Seven against Thebes," in which Adrastus was joined by six other heroes, viz. Polynices, Tydeus, Amphia-raus, Capaneus, Hippomedon, and Parthenopaeus. Instead of Tydeus and Polynices other legends mention Eteoclos and Mecisteus. This war ended as unfortunately as Amphiaraus had predicted, and Adrastus alone was saved by the swiftness of his horse Areion, the gift of Heracles. (Horn. //. xxiii. 346, &c. ; Pans. viii. 25. § 5 ; Apollod. iii. 6.) Creon of Thebes refusing to allow the bodies of the six heroes to be buried, Adrastus went to Athens and implored the assistance of the Athe­nians. Theseus was persuaded to undertake an expedition against Thebes; he took the city and delivered up the bodies of the fallen heroes to their friends for burial. (Apollod. iii. 7. § 1 ; Pans. ix. 9. § 1.)

Ten years after this Adrastus persuaded the seven sons of the heroes, who had fallen in the war against Thebes, to make a new attack upon that city, and Amphiaraus now declared that the gods approved of the undertaking, and promised success. (Pans. ix. 9. § 2; Apollod. iii. 7. § 2.) This war is celebrated in ancient story as the war of the Epigoni ('.E'/r^ovoi). Thebes was taken and razed to the ground, after the greater part of its inhabitants had left the city on the advice of Tiresias. (Apollod. iii. 7. § 2—4; Herod, v. 61 ; Strab. vii. p. 325.) The only Argive hero that

ADRIANUS. 21

fell in this war, was Aegialeus, the son of Adras­tus. After having built a temple of Nemesis in the neighbourhood of Thebes [ADRA8TEiA],he set out on his return home. But weighed down by. old age and grief at the death of his son he died at Megara and was buried there. (Pans. i. 43. § 1.) After his death he was worshipped in several parts of Greece, as at Megara (Pans. /. c.), at Sicyon where his memory was celebrated in tragic cho­ruses (Herod, v. 67), and in Attica. (Paus. i. 30. § 4.) The legends about Adrastus and the two wars against Thebes have furnished most ample materials for the epic as well as tragic poets of Greece (Pans, ix. 9. § 3), and some works of art relating to the stories about Adrastus are mentioned in Pausanias. (iii. 18. § 7, x. 10. § 2.)

From Adrastus the female patronymic Adrastine was formed. (Horn. //. v. 412.) [L. S.]

ADRASTUS ("ASpao-ros),, a son of the Phry­gian king Gordius, who had unintentionally killed his brother, and Avas in consequence expelled by his father and deprived of everything He took refuge as a suppliant at the court of king Croesus, who purified him and received him kindly. After some time he was sent out as guardian of Atys, the son of Croesus, who was to deliver the coun­try from a wild boar which had made great havoc all around. Adrastus had the misfortune to kill prince Atys, while he was aiming at the wild beast. Croesus pardoned the unfortunate man, as he saw in this accident the will of the gods and the fulfilment of a prophecy ; but Adrastus could not endure to live longer and killed himself on the tomb of Atys. (Herod, i. 35—45.) [L. S.]

ADRASTUS ("A5pa<rro<>), of Aphrodisias, a Peripatetic philosopher, who lived in the second century after Christ, the author of a treatise on the arrangement of Aristotle's writings and his system of philosophy, quoted by Simplicius (Prae- fat. in viii. lib. Phys.}, and by Achilles Tatius (p 82). Some commentaries of his on the Timaeus of Plato are also quoted by Porphyry (p. 270, in Harmonica Ptolemafii)^ and a treatise on the Cate­ gories of Aristotle by Galen. N one of these have come down to us; but a work on Harmonics, Trepi 'Ap/uovuc&v, is preserved, in MS., in the Vatican Library. [B. J.]

ADRIANUS. [hadrianus.]

ADRIANUS ('ASptavSs), a Greek rhetorician born at Tyre in Phoenicia, who flourished under the emperors M. Antoninus and Commodus. He was the pupil of the celebrated Herodes Atticus, and obtained the chair of philosophy at Athens during the lifetime of his master. His advance­ment does not seem to have impaired their mutual regard; Herodes declared that the unfinished speeches of his scholar were " the fragments of a colossus," and Adrianus showed his gratitude by a funeral oration which he pronounced over the ashes of his master. Among a people who rivalled one another in their zeal to do him honour, Adrianus did not shew much of the discretion of a philoso­pher. His first lecture commenced with the modest encomium on himself -iraKw e/c QoiviKf}? ypdju/jLaTa, while in the magnificence of his dress and equipage he affected the style of the hierophant of philoso­phy. A story may be seen in Philostratus of his trial and acquittal for the murder of a begging sophist who had insulted him: Adrianus had re­torted by styling such insults OTjy/j.ara Kopewv, but his pupils were not content with weapons of

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