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On this page: Ad Herbal – Adgandestrius – Adiatorix – Admete – Admetus


was denied by the Corinthians and the other Greeks. (Herod, viii. 5, 56, 61, 94 ; Plut. Them.

2. The son of Leucolophides, an Athenian, was one of the commanders with Alcibiades in the ex­pedition against Andros, b. c. 407. (Xen. Hell. i. 4. § 21.) He was again appointed one of the Athe­nian generals after the battle of Arginusae, b. c. 406, and continued in office till the battle of Aegos-potami, b. c. 405, where he was one of the com­manders, and was taken prisoner. He was the only one of the Athenian prisoners who was not put to death, because he had opposed the decree for cutting off the right hands of the Lacedaemo­nians who might be taken in the battle. He was accused by many of treachery in this battle, and was afterwards impeached by Conon. (Xen. HelL i. 7. § 1, ii. 1. § 30-32; Paus.iv. 17.§2,x.9. §5; Dem. de fals. leg. p. 401. ; Lys. c. Ale. pp. 143,21.) Aristophanes speaks of Adeimantus in the " Frogs " (1513), which was acted in the year of the battle, as one whose death was wished for ; and he also calls him, apparently out of jest, the son of Leuco-lophus, that is, "White Crest. ". In the "Prota­goras" of Plato, Adeimantus is also spoken of as present on that occasion (p. 315, e.).

3. The brother of Plato, who is frequently men­tioned by the latter. (Apol. Socr. p. 34, a., de Rep. ii. p. 367, e. p. 548, d. e.)

ADGANDESTRIUS, a chief of the Catti, offered to kill Arminius if the Romans would send him poison for the purpose ; but Tiberius declined the offer. (Tac. Ann. ii. 88.)

AD HERBAL (3A.rdp€as). 1. A Carthaginian commander in the first Punic war, who was placed over Drepana, and completely defeated the Roman consul P. Claudius in a sea-fight off Drepana, b. c. 249. (Polyb. i. 49—52; Diod Eel xxiv.)

2. A Carthaginian commander under Mago in the second Punic war, who was defeated in a sea-fight off Carteia, in Spain, by C. Laelius in b.c. 206. (Liv. xxviii. 30.)

3. The son of Micipsa, and grandson of Masi-nissa, had the kingdom of Numidia left to him by his father in conjunction with his brother Hiempsal and Jugurtha, b. c. 1 1 8. After the murder of his brother by Jugurtha, Adherbal fled to Rome and was restored to his share of the kingdom by the Romans in b. c. 117. But Adherbal was again stripped of his dominions by Jugurtha and be­sieged in Cirta, where he was treacherously killed by Jugurtha in B. c. 112, although he had placed himself under the protection of the Romans. (Sail. Jug. 5, 13, 14, 24, 25, 26; Liv. Ep. 63 ; Diod. Exc. xxxiv. p. 605. ed. Wess.)

ADIATORIX (5A5iaro>£), son of a tetrarch in Galatia, belonged to Antony's party, and killed all the Romans in Heracleia shortly before the battle of Actium. After this battle he was led as prisoner in the triumph of Augustus, and put to death with his younger son. His elder son, Dyteutus, was subsequently made priest of the celebrated goddess in Comana. (Strab. xii. pp. 543, 558, 559 ; Cic. ad Fam. ii. 12.)

ADMETE ('AtyJTi)). L A daugter of Oceamis and Thetys (Hesiod. Theog. 349), whom Hyginus in the preface to his fables calls Admeto and a daughter of Pontus and Thalassa.

2. A daughter of Eurystheus and Antimache or Admete. Heracles was obliged by her father to fetch for her the girdle of Ares, which was worn



by Hippolyte, queen of the Amazons. (Apollod. ii. 5. § 9.) According to Tzetzes (ad Lycophr. 1327), she accompanied Heracles on this expedition. There was a tradition (Athen. xv. p. 447), according to which Admete was originally a priestess of Hera at Argos, but fled with the image of the goddess to Samos. Pirates were engaged by the Argives to fetch the image back, but the enterprise did not succeed, for the ship when laden with the image could not be made to move. The men then took the image back to the coast of Samos and sailed away. When the Samians found it, they tied it to a tree, but Admete purified it and restored it to the temple of Samos. In commemoration of this event the Samians celebrated an annual festival called Tonea. This story seems to be an invention of the Argives, by which they intended to prove that the worship of Hera in their place was older than in Samos. [L. S.]

ADMETUS ("AfyMjros), a son of Pheres, the founder and king of Pherae in Thessaly, and of Periclymene orClymene. (Apollod. i. 8. § 2,9. § 14.) He took part in the Calydonian chase and the ex­ pedition of the Argonauts. (Apollod. i. 9. § 16; Hy- gin. Fab. 14. 173.) When he had succeeded his father as king of Pherae, he sued for the hand of Alcestis, the daughter of Pelias, who promised her to him on condition that he should come to her in a chariot drawn by lions and boars. This task Admetus performed by the assistance of Apollo, who served him according to some accounts out of attachment to him (Schol. ad Eurip. Alcest. 2; Callim. Ii. in Apoll. 46, &c.), or according to others because he was obliged to serve a mortal for one year for having slain the Cyclops. (Apollod. iii. 10. § 4.) On the day of his marriage with Alcestis, Admetus neglected to offer a sacrifice to Artemis, and when in the evening he entered the bridal chamber, he found there a number of snakes rolled up in a lump. Apollo, however, reconciled Artemis to him, and at the same time induced the Moirae to grant to Admetus deliverance from death, if at the hour of his death his father, mother, or wife would die for him. Alcestis did so, but Kora, or according to others Heracles, brought her back to the upper world. (Apollod. i. 9. § 15 ; com­ pare alcestis.) [L. S.]

ADMETUS (s/A5^ros), king of the Molos-sians in the time of Themistocles, who, when su­preme at Athens, had opposed him, perhaps not without insult, in some suit to the people. But when flying from the officers who were ordered to seize him as a party to the treason of Pausanias, and driven from Corcyra to Epirus, he found himself upon some emergency, with no hope of refuge but the house of Admetus. Admetus was absent; but Phthia his queen welcomed the stranger, and bade him, as the most solemn form of supplication among the Molossians, take her son, the young prince, and sit with him in his hands upon the hearth. Admetus on his return home assured him of protection; according to another account in Plutarch, he himself, and not Pthia enjoined the form as affording him a pretext for refusal: he, at anv rate, shut his ears to all that the Athenian

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and Lacedaemonian commissioners, who soon after­wards arrived, could say; and sent Themistocles safely to Pydna on his way to the Persian court. (Thucyd. i. 136, 137; Plut. Them. 24.) [A. H. C.] ADME'TUS fAS/wjTos), a Greek epigram­matist, who lived in the early part of the second

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