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ACTUARIUS.

who conquered Egypt and governed it with justice. He founded the city of Rhinocolura on the con­fines of Egypt and Syria, and was succeeded by Mendes, an Egyptian. Diodorus says that Acti-sanes conquered Egypt in the reign of Amasis, for which we ought perhaps to read Ammosis. At all events, Amasis, the contemporary of Cyrus, cannot be meant. (Diod. i. 60 ; Strab. xvi. p. 759.)

ACT I US. [attius.]

ACTOR. ("A/rrcop). 1. A son of Deion and Diomede, the daughter of Xuthus. He was thus a brother of Asteropeia, Aenotus, Phylacus, and Cephalus, and husband of Aegina, father of Me-noetius, and grandfather of Patroclus. (Apollod. i. 9. § 4, 16, iii. 10. § 8 ; Find. Ol. ix. 75 ; Horn. //. xi. 785, xvi. 14.)

2. A son of Phorbas and Hyrmine, and husband of Molione. He was thus a brother of Augeas, and father of Eurytus and Cteatus. (Apollod. ii. 7. § 2 ; Paus. v. I. § 8, viii. 14. § 6.)

3. A companion of Aeneas (Virg. Aen. ix. 500), who is probably the same who in another passage (xii. 94) is called an Auruncan, a.nd of whose con­ quered lance Turnus made a boast. This story seems to have given rise to the proverbial saying " Actoris spolium" (Juv. ii. 100), for any poor spoil in general. [L. S.]

ACTORIDES or ACTO'RION ('AKTdp^Tj's or 'AtfToptcov), are patronymic forms of Actor, and are consequently given to descendants of an Actor, such as Patroclus (Ov. Met. xiii 373; Trist. i. 9. 29), Erithus (Ov. Met. v. 79 ; compare viii. 308, 371), Eurytus, and Cteatus. (Horn. //. ii. 621, xiii. 185, "xi. 750, xxiii. 638.) [L. S.]

M. ACTO'RIUS NASO, seems to have writ­ten a life of Julius Caesar, or a history of his times, which is quoted by Suetonius. (Jul. 9, 52.) The time at which he lived is uncertain, but from the way in which he is referred to by Suetonius, he would almost seem to have been a contemporary of Caesar.

ACTUARTUS ('aktow^ws), the surname by which an ancient Greek physician, whose real name was Joannes, is commonly known. His father's name was Zacharias ; he himself practised at Constantinople, and, as it appears, with some degree of credit, as he was honoured with the title of Adua-rius, a dignity frequently conferred at that court upon physicians (Diet, of A nt. p. 611, b.) Very little is known of the events of his life, and his date is rather uncertain, as some persons reckon him to have lived in the eleventh century, and others bring him down as low as the beginning of the fourteenth. He probably lived towards the end of the thirteenth centmy, as one of his works is dedicated to his tutor, Joseph Racendytes, who lived in the reign of Andronieus II. Palaeologus, a. d. 1281—1328. One of his school-fellows is supposed to have been Apocauchus, whom he de­scribes (though without naming him) as going upon an embassy to the north. (De Math. Med. Prnef. in i. ii. pp. 139, 169.)

One of his works is entitled, ITepi 'Eyepyeiojz/ Kai naO&v rov "^v^tKov Tlvev^aros^ teal rfjs /car' av~6 Atair-ris—" I)e Actionibus et Affectibus Spiritus Animalis, ejusque Nutritione.1" This is a psycho­logical and physiological work in two books, in which all his reasoning, says Freind, seems to be founded upon the principles laid down by Aristo­tle, Galen, and others, with relation to the same subject. The style of this tract is by no means

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ACTUARIUS.

impure, and has a great mixture of the old Attic in it, which is very rarely to be met with in the later Greek writers. A tolerably full abstract of it is given by Barclmsen, Hist. Medic. Dial. 14. p. 338, &c. It was first published, Venet. 1547, 8vo. in a Latin translation by Jul. Alexandrinus de Neustain. The first edition of the original was published, Par. 1557, 8vo. edited, without notes or preface, by Jac. Goupyl. A second Greek edi­tion appeared in 1774, 8vo. Lips., under the care of J. F. Fischer. Ideler has also inserted it in the first volume of his Physici et Medici Graeci Mi-nores, Berol. 8vo. 1841 ; and the first part of J. S. Bernardi Reliquiae Medico-Criticae, ed. Gruner, Jenae, 1795, 8vo. contains some Greek Scholia on the work.

Another of his extant works is entitled, ®epa-TrevriKr) MeOoSos, " De Methodo Medendi," in six books, which have hitherto appeared complete only in a Latin translation, though Dietz had, before his death, collected materials for a Greek edition of this and his other works. (See his preface to Galen De Dissect. Muse.} In these books, says Freind, though he chiefly follows Galen, and very often Aetius and Paulus Aegineta without naming him, yet he makes use of whatever he finds to his pur­pose both in the old and modern writers, as well barbarians as Greeks; and indeed we find in him several things that are not to be met with else­where. The work was written extempore, and designed for the use of Apocauchus during his embassy to the north. (Praef. i. p. 139.) A Latin translation of this work by Corn. H. Mathisius, was first published Venet. 1554, 4to. The first four books appear sometimes to have been con­sidered to form a complete work, of which the first and second have been inserted by Ideler in the second volume of his Phys. et Med. Gr. Min. Berol. 1842, under the title Uepl Aiayvaxrews riaOan'," De Morborum Dignotione," and from which the Greek extracts in H. Stephens's Didionarium Medicum, Par. 1564, 8vo. are probably taken. The fifth and sixth books have also been taken for a separate work, and were published by them­selves, Par. 1539, 8vo. and Basil. 1540, 8vo. in a Latin translation by J. Ruellius, with the title 'uDe Medicamentorum Compositione." An extract from this work is inserted in FernePs collection of writers De Febribus, Venet. 1576, fol.

His other extant work is TLepl Gvpwj/, u De Urinis,"in seven books. He has treated of this sub­ject very fully and distinctly, and, though he goes upon the plan which Theophilus Protospatharius had marked out, yet he has added a great deal of origi­nal matter. It is the most complete and systematic work on the subject that remains from antiquity, so much so that, till the chemical improvements of the last hundred years, he had left hardly any thing-new to be said by the moderns, many of whom, says Freind, transcribed it almost word for word. This work was first published in a Latin transla­tion by Ambrose Leo, which appeared in 1519, Venet. 4to., and has been several times reprinted ; the Greek original has been published for the first time in the second volume of Ideler's work quoted above. Two Latin editions of his collected works are said by Choulant (Handbuck der Du-chcrkunde fur die Aeltere Medicin^ Leipzig, 1841), to have been published in the same year, 1556, one at Paris, and the other at Lyons, both in 8vo. His three works are also inserted in the Medicae

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