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the tribune P. Porcius Laeca from entering the city in an ovation, which the senate had granted him. (Liv. xxviii. 38, xxix. 1—3, 13, xxxii. 7.)
2. L. manlius acidinus fulvianus, originally belonged to the Fulvia gens, but was adopted into the Manlia gens, probably by the above-mentioned Acidinus. (Veil. Pat. ii. 8.) He was praetor b. c. 188, and had the province of Hispania Citerior allotted to him, where he remained till B. c. 186. In the latter year he defeated the Celtiberi, and had it not been for the arrival of his successor would have reduced the whole people to subjection. He applied for a triumph in consequence, but obtained only an ovation. (Liv. xxxviii. 35, xxxix. 21, 29.) In b. c. 183 he was one of the ambassadors sent into Gallia Transalpina, and was also appointed one of the triumvirs for founding the Latin colony of Aquileia, which was however not founded till b. c. 181. (Liv. xxxix. 54, 55, xl. 34.) He was consul b. c. 179, (Liv. xl. 43,) with his own brother, Q. Fulvius Flaccus, which is the only instance of two brothers holding the consulship at the same time. (Fast. Capitol.; Veil. Pat. ii. 8.) At the election of Acidinus, M. Scipio declared him to be virum bonum, egregiumque civem. (Cic. de Or. ii. 64.)
3. L. manlius (acidinus), who was quaestor in b. c. 168 (Liv. xlv. 13), is probably one of the two Manlii Acidini, who are mentioned two years before as illustrious youths, and of whom one was the son of M. Manlius, the other of L. Manlius. (Liv. xlii. 49.) The latter is probably the same as the quaestor, and the son of No. 2.
4. acidinus, a young man who was going to pursue his studies at Athens at the same time as young Cicero, b. c. 45. (Cic. ad Ait. xii. 32.) Pie is perhaps the same Acidinus who sent intelligence to Cicero respecting the death of Marcellus. (Cic. ad Fam. iv. 12.)
ACILIANUS, MINU'CIUS,a friend of Pliny the younger, was born at Brixia (Brescia), and was the son of Minucius Macrinus, who was enrolled by Vespasian among those of praetorian rank. Acilianus was successively quaestor, tribune, and praetor, and at his death left Pliny part of his property. (Plin. Ep. i. 14, ii. 16.)
ACINDYNUS, GREGO'RIUS (Tpnyfyios *kk'iv§vvos\ a Greek Monk, A. d. 1341, distin guished in the controversy with the Hesychast or Quietist Monks of Mount Athos. He supported and succeeded Barlaam in his opposition to their notion that the light which appeared on the Mount of the Transfiguration was uncreated. The em peror, John Cantacuzenus, took part (a. d. 1347) with. Palamas, the leader of the Quietists, and ob tained the condemnation of Acindynus by several councils at Constantinople, at one especially in a. d. 1351. Remains of Acindynus are, De Essentia et Operatione dei adversus imperitiam Gregorii Palamae, fyc. in " Variorum Pontificum ad Petrum Gnapheum Eutychianum Epistol." p. 77, Gretser. 4to. Ingolst. 1616, and Carmen lambi- cum de Haeresibus Palamae^ " Graeciae Ortho- doxae Scriptores,'1 by Leo. Allatius, p. 755, vol. i. 4to. Rom. 1652. [A. J. C.]
ACIS fA/as), according to Ovid (Met. xiii.
750, &c.) a son of Faunus and Symaethis. He was beloved by the nymph Galatea, and Polyphe mus the Cyclop, jealous of him, crushed him under a huge rock. His blood gushing forth from under the rock was changed by the nymph into the river Acis or Acinius at the foot of mount Aetna. This story does not occur any where else, and is perhaps no more than a happy fiction suggested by the manner in which the little river springs forth from under a rock. [L. S.]
ACMENES ('ak^z/ss), a surname of certain nymphs worshipped at Elis, where a sacred enclo sure contained their altar, together with those of other gods. (Paus. v. 15. § 4.) [L. S.]
ACOETES (5A/cotrr}9), according to Ovid (Met. m. 582, &c.) the son of a poor fisherman in Maeonia, who served as pilot in a ship. After landing at the island of Naxos, some of the sailors brought with them on board a beautiful sleeping boy, whom, they had found in the island and whom they wished to take with them; but Acoetes, who recognised in the boy the god Bacchus, dissuaded them from it, but in vain. When the ship had reached the open sea, the boy awoke, and desired to be carried back to Naxos. The sailors promised to do so? but did not keep their word. Hereupon the god showed himself to them in his own majesty : vines began to twine round the vessel, tigers appeared, and the sailors, seized with madness, jumped into the sea and perished. Acoetes alone was saved and conveyed back to Naxos, where he was initiated in the Bacchic mysteries and became a priest of the god. Hyginus (Fab. 134), whose story on the whole agrees with that of Ovid, and all the other writers who mention this adventure of Bacchus, call the crew of the ship Tyrrhenian pirates, and derive the name of the Tyrrhenian sea from them. (Comp. Horn. Hymn, in Baccli .* Apol-lod. iii. 5. § 3; Seneca, Oed."U9.)
ACONTIUS ('A/coWios), a beautiful youth of the island of Ceos. On one occasion he came to Delos to celebrate the annual festival of Diana, and fell in love with Cydippe, the daughter of a noble Athenian. When he saw her sitting in the temple attending to the sacrifice she was offering, he threw before her an apple upon which he had written the words "I swear by the sanctuary of Diana to marry Acontius." The nurse took up the apple and handed it to Cydippe, who read aloud what was written upon it, and then threw the apple away. But the goddess had heard her vow, as Acontius had wished. After the festival was over, he went home, distracted by his love, but he waited for the result of what had happened and took no further steps. After some time, when Cydippe's father was about to give her in marriage to another man, she was taken ill just before the nuptial solemnities were to begin, and this accident was repeated three times. Acontius, informed of the occurrence, hastened to Athens, and the Delphic oracle, which was consulted by the maiden's father, declared that Diana by the repeated illne&s