The Ancient Library

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On this page: Abistamenes – Abitianus – Ablabius – Ablavius – Abradatas – Abrocomes – Abron – Abronius Silo – Abronychus – Abrota – Abrotonum – Abrupolis – Abseus – Absimarus


on liis, death appointed his son as his successor. (Arrian, Anal. v. 8. 20. 29 ; Curt. viii. 12. 13. 14. ix. 1. x. 1.)

ABISTAMENES was appointed governor of Cappadocia by Alexander the Great. (Curt. iii. 4.) He is called Sabictas by Arrian. (Anab. ii. 4.) Gronovius conjectures that instead of Abistamene Cappadodae praeposito^ we ought to read Abicta magnae Cappadociae, fyc.

ABITIANUS ('ASM-fiawfe), the author of a Greek treatise De Urinis inserted in the second volume of Ideler's Physici et Medici Graeci Mi-nores^ Berol. 8vo. 1842, with the title Uepl Ovpwv Hpay/j(.areia, 'ApiffTt] tov ^o^cardrov Trapa jjlzv

'Ivftols "AAA?7 "E/^TJTt TOV ^LVO, i]TOL ^AAAl? VIOV TOV

SiJ'a, -rrapd 5e 'IraAo?s 'AgtT^jcwoO. He is the same person as the celebrated Arabic physician Avice?ma9 whose real name was Abu 'Ali Ibn Sind, A. h. 370 or 375—428 (a. d. 980 or 985—1037), and from whose great work Ketdb al-Kdnun fi t-Tcbb, Liber Canonis Medicinae, this treatise is probably translated. [W. A. G.]

ABLABIUS ('AgAttem). 1. A physician on whose death there is an epigram by Theosebia in the Greek Anthology (vii. 559), in which he is considered as inferior only to Hippocrates and Galen. With respect to his date, it is only known that he must have lived after Galen, that is, some time later than the second century after Christ, [ W. A, G,]

2. The illustrious ('lAAoucrrpios), the author of an epigram in the Greek Anthology (ix. 762) "on the quoit of Asclepiades." Nothing more is known of him, unless he be the same person as Ablabius, the Novatian bishop of Nicaea, who was a disciple of the rhetorician Troilus, and himself eminent in the same profession, and who lived under Ho- norius and Theodosius II., at the end of the fourth and the beginning of the fifth centuries after Christ. (Socrates, Hist. Ecc. vii. 12.) [P. S.J

ABLAVIUS. 1. Prefect of the city, the mi­nister and favourite of Constantine the Great, was murdered after the death of the latter. (Zosimus, ii. 40.) He was consul a. d. 331. There is an epigram extant attributed to him, in which the reigns of Nero and Constantine are compared. (Anth.Lat. n. 261, ed. Meyer.)

2. A Roman historian, whose age is unknown, wrote a history of the Goths, which is some­times quoted by Jornandes as his authority. (De Reb. Getic. iv. 14. 23.)

ABRADATAS •('ASpafofrrew), a king of Susa and an ally of the Assyrians against Cyrus. His wife Pantheia was taken on the conquest of the Assyrian camp, while he was absent on a mission to the Bactrians. In consequence of the honora­ble treatment which his wife received from Cyrus, he joined the latter with his forces. He fell in battle, while fighting against the Egyptians. In­consolable at her loss, Pantheia put an end to her own life, and her example was followed by her three eunuchs. Cyrus had a high mound raised in their honour : on a pillar on the top were inscribed the names of Abradatas and Pantheia in the Syriac characters ; and three columns below bore the in­scription ffK^TTTovx^^ in honour of the eunuchs. (Xen. Cyr. v. 1. § 3, vi. 1. § 31, &c. 4. § 2, &c. vii. 3. § 2, &c.; Lucian. Imag. 20.)

a surname o


Zeus in Mysia. (Strab. xii. p. 574.) [L, S.] ABRO'COMAS ('Afyo/c^ucw), one of the satraps



of Artaxerxes Mnemon, was sent with an army of 300,000 men to oppose Cyrus on his march into upper Asia. On the arrival of Cyrus at Tarsus, Abrocomas was said to be on the Euphrates ; and at Issus four hundred heavy-armed Greeks, who had deserted Abrocomas, joined Cyrus. Abrocomas did not defend the Syrian passes, as was expected, but marched to join the king. He burnt some boats to prevent Cyrus from crossing the Euphrates, but did not arrive in time for the battle of Cunaxa. (Xen. Anab. i. 3. § 20, 4. § 3, 5, 18, 7. § 12; Harpocrat. and Suidas, s. v.)

ABROCOMES (3A€poKo^s) and his brother Hyperanthes ('TTrepaf^???), the sons of Darius by Phratagune, the daughter of Artanes, were slain at Thermopylae while fighting over the body of Leo-nidas. (Herod, vii. 224.)

ABRON or HABRON ("Agpwz/ or"ASpcoz/). 1 Son of the Attic orator Lycurgus. (Plut. Fit. dec. Orat. p. 843.)

2. The son of Callias, of the deme of Bate in Attica, wrote on the festivals and sacrifices of the Greeks. (Steph. Byz. s. v. BaTTj.) He also wrote a work Trepi Trapcoz'u/xcor', which is frequently referred to by Stephanus Byz. (s.v. 'Ayddrj^'Apyo^SLC.^aud. other writers.

3. A grammarian, a Phrygian or Rhodian, a pupil of Tryphon, and originally a slave, taught at Rome under the first Caesars. (Suidas, s. v. "ASpwv.)

4. A rich person at Argos, from whom the pro­verb "ASpcwos fiioSy which was applied to extrava­gant persons, is said to have been derived. (Sui­das, s.v.)

ABRONIUS SILO, a Latin Poet, who lived in the latter part of the Augustan age, was a pupil of Porcius Latro. His son was also a poet, but degraded himself by writing plays for pantomimes, (Senec. $m«s. ii. p. 21. Bip.)

ABRONYCHUS ('AjSp&Wxos-), the son of Lysicles, an Athenian, was stationed at Thermopy­lae with a vessel to communicate between Leonidaa and the fleet at Artemisium. He was subse­quently sent as ambassador to Sparta with The-mistocles and Aristeides respecting the fortifications of Athens after the Persian war. (Herod, viii. 21; Thuc. i. 91.)

ABROTA (3A§paV??), the daughter of On-chestus, the Boeotian, and the wife of Nisus, king of Megaris. On her death Nisus commanded all the Megarian women to wear a garment of the same kind as Abrota had worn, which was called apJiabroma (a^agpc^ua), and was still in use in the time of Plutarch. (Quaest. Graec. p. 295,a.)

ABROTONUM ('AgpoWoj/), a Thracian harlot, who according to some accounts was the mother of Themistocles. There is an epigram pre­served recording this fact. (Plut. Them. 1; Athen. xiii. p. 5/6, c.; Aelian, F". //. xii. 43.) Plutarch also refers to her in his'Epamtfos (p. 753, d.); and Lucian speaks of a harlot of the same name (Dial3 Meretr. 1).

ABRUPOLIS, an ally of the Romans, who attacked the dominions of Perseus, and laid them waste as far as Amphipolis, but was afterwards driven out of his kingdom by Perseus. (Liv. xlii. 13. 30. 41.)


ABSIMARUS. [TiBEiuus absimarus.] ABSYRTUS or APSYRTUS fA^pros), a son of Aeetes? king of Colchis, and brother of Medeia. His mother is stated differently: Hygi-

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