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On this page: Vessels (continued)

685

VESSELS.

wine-jar It had a narrow neck, rather a wide mouth, and a handle (fig. 1, no. 34). It was hung up as a sign in front of wine shops, and was put before the guests at table. The Ilkyth6s or ampulla was used for oil (fig. 1, no. 33); the dldbastrun or alabaston (fig. 1, no. 35) for fragrant oint­ments. This vessel was named from the material of which it was usually made. Both the lekyihos and alabastron had narrow necks, so that the liquid ran out in drops. The alabastron was round at

spoons were used (trfia, trulla, fi^. 3), as well as various sorts of cups (r.yathus, fig. 1, nos. 10, 13-15). These resembled our tea and coffee cups, but had a much higher handle, rising far above the rim, and con­tained a definite measure. Drinking-vessels were made in the form of bowls,, beakers, and horns. To the first class be­longed the flat pfMlg, or saucer without handle or base, corresponding to the Roman pdtlrd generally used in sacrifices (fig. 1, nos. 1, 2); the kymbtSn, a long deep vessel

(1) * VARIOUS SHAPES OF GREEK VASES. (Julm's Viamummhmt in d«r PitinltotWi tu Mum-hen, Taf. 1, il.)

1, 2, pJiMM. 3, cj\ix. 4-7, gciphug. 8, cyli*. 9, holmifs. 10, c$athut. 11, earcJiegWn. 12, catltMM!. 13-15, cyiHftus. 16, Satpig. 17, ftl/drio. 18, «lamn««. 19, pelttj. 20-23, ampMrn. 24, e«Jb«. 25, croler. 26-30, tmOchSi. 32, MM>. 33, UMtfcfo. 34, logano. 35, aUbostriln. 36, ilrj'baUdl. 37, bonU^liog. 38, 39, name unknown. 40, !£kdne. 41, cylix.

the foot, and therefore required a stand to support it.

The general term krdtlr (Lat. cratera or creterra) was used to denote the vessels in which wine was mixed with water at meal­times (fig. 1, no. 25; cp. hildesheim, the treasure of). They were moderately large, with wide necks and bodies, and two handles. Sometimes they had a pedestal, sometimes they were pointed or round beneath, in which case they required a support (hypdkraterion'). For ladling and pouring out the wine,

without handles, so called from its likeness to a boat; and the kylix (Lat. cdlix) with handle and base (fig. 1, nos. 3 and 8). Among the beakers may be mentioned the skyphos (Lat. scyph&s) attributed to Heracles (fig. 1, nos. 4r-7). This was a large cup originally of wood, and used by shepherds, sometimes with a round, sometimes with a fiat bottom. Another was the kantharos (cantharfis) peculiar to DJSnysus (fig. 1, no. 12), with a high base and projecting handles. The karcheslon (carchlslum, fig. 1, no. 11) was

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