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On this page: Vases (continued)

666

VASES.

specimens are those discovered at Athena in the neighbourhood of the Dlpylon gate, from which this class of vases derives its ordinary name. The designs are executed in reddish brown, sometimes on the verge of black, on a reddish ground. They include meanders, chevrons, rosettes, together with oblique lines and concentric circles, often traced with considerable care; also animals, such as horses, stags, and birds, as well as human beings. The latter are arranged in zones, and drawn in a very rude and primitive manner, being merely rough silhouettes with slender waists, and with the thighs and chest disproportionately developed.

group, being nearly contemporary with the earlier specimens of "Corinthian vases" (Conze, Melische Thongefasse ; Baumeister, figs. 240, 2086).

(7) Corinthian vases is the usual desig­nation of a variety of archaic vases first found in the district of Corinth, but since discovered in other parts of the Hellenic world, and even in Etruria, especially at Csere (Dennis, Etruria, i 282). The deco­ration is distinctly oriental. It includes rosettes borrowed from Assyrian art, as well as fantastic monsters, birds with human heads, flying creatures with wings curved backward, and other symbols that

(I) "•• DIPYI.ON VASE. (Hon. i. In«t. ix 40,1.)

Among the scenes represented are warriors riding in chariots, figures marching in pro­cession, and funeral ceremonies (fig. 1). There is no trace of oriental influence.

(6) Certain vases of Meltis, ascribed to the 7th or 8th century B.C., form a small group with clear indications of an oriental char­acter. Besides straight lines, that may be regarded as survivals from the earlier geo­metric style, they display zones of wild animals of an oriental type, and decorative subjects (such as chimaeras confronting one another) derived from Asia. Meanwhile, the figures of divinities have assumed shapes approximating to the Hellenic type. These vases form a transition to the next

were intelligible to oriental nations, but had no special significance to the Greeks. It is characteristic of this group of vases that the figures are now arranged in con­tinuous friezes. The ground is a yellowish white, and the design is sometimes dull, sometimes bright in colour, and is not un-frequently a deep black, touched up with purple or red. This gronp may be divided into : (a) Vases with zones of animals, such as lions, goats, tigers, and antelopes, either facing one another (as in the two confronted lions in the British Museum Vase, A 1), or marching in file, with their dark bodies relieved with touches of red, and with the muscular details indicated with the dry

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