The Ancient Library

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On this page: Triphiodorus – Triptolemus – Triptychon – Trireme – Tritagonist – Tritogeneia – Triton



(2) CENTAUHO-TKITOH AND NliliEID. (Naples Museum,)

They were, however, always regarded as attendants on the other sea-gods while riding or driving over the waves ; and they were represented accordingly in works of art (see cuts).

several tragedies were generally, but not always, connected with each other in subject. The only surviving example is the Oresteid of ^Eschylus, consisting of the AgamemnOn, Clwfphoiw, and Euminides.

Xriphiodorus. Sec tryphiodorus.

TriptolSmus. Sou of Eleusis (or of Celeus, see demophoon) a favourite of Demeter, who sent him about the world on a car drawn by serpents to extend the cultivation of grain, and with it agriculture. On his return to Attica, Celeus of Eleusis made an attempt upon his life, but, at the bidding of Demeter, was obliged to give up the country to him. He founded the town of Eleusis, and, as first priest of Demeter, instituted the services there held in her honour, as well as the ThesmophSria (q.v.). In various parts of Greece, as well as in Italy and Sicily, he was honoured as the founder and promoter of husbandry, but especially in Eleusis, where, as the local hero, he had a temple dedicated to him, and a spot called the tnreshing-floor of Trip-tolemus on the Rharian plain. The Argivy legend connected him with its local genea­logies, and told how, while seeking lo in Tarsus and Antioch, he founded Greek set­tlements and instituted the cultivation of corn. In the Attic legend of Eleusis, he is also represented as a judge of the dead. (Sec demeter, fig. 1, and vases, fig. 12.)

Trlptjchfin. Sec dip-


Trireme (Lat. trlre-mJs). A Roman ship with three banks of oars. (Sec ship.)

Tritagoaist (Gr. tritd-gOnistes). The third actor in the Greek drama, who played in the least important parts.

Trit&gfineia. A special surname of Athene

Triton. Son of Posei­don and Amphitrite. He is described as living with them in a golden palace in the depths of the sea. The mythical lake Tritf>nis, near the Mediterranean coast of Libya, was regarded as his peculiar abode, especially in the story of the Argonauts. He was represented as a man in his upper parts, terminating in a dolphin's tail; his special attribute is a twisted sea-shell, on which he blows, now

violently, now gently, to raise or calm the billows. In the course of time there grew up the notion of a large number of Tritons, all represented as beings of double form


(Rome, Vatican.)

and sometimes with the fore-feet of a horse as well as a human body and a fish's tail (called Centauro-tritons or Ichthyo-tauri).

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