The Ancient Library

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On this page: Tributa Comitia – Tributum – Trierarch – Trierarchia – Trieres – Triglyphs – Trigon – Trilogy



tribntion of the State doles of corn. Thus the tribes sank at last into corporate groups of pauperized citizens.

Trlbuta C6mltla. See comitia (3).

Trlb&tum. Originally an extraordinary means of revenue among the Romans, levied on the .burgesses in the proportion of 1-3 per thousand in times of war, when the means of the State treasury were of them­selves not sufficient, and more especially after 406 b.c., when the State first took over the payment of the soldiers' wages. When the war was over, the money was generally repaid from contributions or from the booty. Subsequent to the conquest of Macedonia, 167 b.c., the income of the State from the provinces was so considerable, that the burgesses, although not legally exempt, ceased any longer to be subject to this payment. The strictly regulated taxes of the provinces also went by the same name, tributum soli, the ground-tax, and tributum capltis, the personal tax. (See stipendium.) Italy, up to his time exempt, was also made liable to these taxes by Diocletian, towards the end of the 3rd century a.d. (Cp. taxes.)

Triclinium. The Roman dining-table of four sides, with three low couches (lecti)



placed round it so as to leave the fourth side free for the servants (see plan). The lecti, arranged for three persons each, were broad, cushioned places, lower towards the outside and sloping upwards with a side-support; on each of the three places was a pillow, on which the diners, as they lay at table, supported themselves with their left arm, their feet being towards the outside. The allotment of the nine places was made in accordance with strict rules of etiquette. The middle couch, lectus mldlus, and the one on its left, lectus summus (the highest), were appointed for the guests, the former for the most dis-

tinguished guests; that on its right, lectus imus (the lowest), was for the host, his wife, and a child or a freedman. On the lectus summus and imiis, the place of honour (Wcus summus) was on the left side, on which was the support of the couch, and consequently the most con­venient seat. The place appointed for the chief person of the company, the locus consularis, was, however, on the lectus medius, and not on the left, but on the right and unsupported side, next that of the host, who took the first place of the lectus imus.

For the tables of costly citrus-wood with round tops, and similar tables, which were introduced towards the end of the Republic, a peculiar crescent-shaped couch was used. This was called sigma from its shape C, one of the forms of the Greek letter bear­ing that name. It was also called stibti-dlum} and as a rule was suitable only1 for five persons. On the sigma the places of honour were the corner-seats, the first place being that on the " right wing " (in dextro cornu), the second that on the left (in sinistro cornu); the remaining seats were named from this onward, so that the last was on the left side of the first.

The dining-room itself was also called triclinium, even when it contained several dining-tables. Romans of distinction in later times had several such rooms for dif­ferent times of the year; in the winter they dined in the interior of the house by lamp­light, in summer in an arbour attached to the house or in the upper story.

Trlerarch (Gr. trierarches; Lat. trier-archa). Original!}' the commander of a trireme ; afterwards of any large war-ship.

Trlerarchla. The superintendence of the equipment of a war-ship ; one of the public burdens imposed on Athenian citizens. (See leitourgia.)

Trleres. A Greek ship with three banks of oars. (Sec ships.)

Triglyphs (" three channels "). A name given in the Doric frieze to surfaces which, projecting over every column and between every two columns, are ornamented with three parallel channels, two complete ones in the middle and two halves at the corners. Between the triglyphs are the metopes (q.v.). (Cp. architecture, orders of ; and parthenon, fig. 2.)

Trlgon. A kind of game with a ball. (See ball, games of).

Trilogy (Gr. trttoyia). A set of three tragedies which, together with a satyric drama, formed a tetralogy (q.v.). The

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