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TORMENTA——TOWER OF THE WINDS.
sprays of oak-leavea and festoons of flowers with winged figures among them (fig. 8). Lastly, in the British Museum we have specimens of Phoenician art, ascribed to the 8th century b.c., in the gold jewellery from Camlrus in Rhodes. In the same museum " the Melos necklace, and the sceptre from the tomb at Tarentum, are admirable specimens of that fine combination of filagree and vitreous enamels which characterizes the Greek goldsmith's art in the middle of the 4th century b.c., and the bracelet and ear-rings from Capua, ornamented with lions' heads, are still more precious, as examples of repoussi work in its perfection " (Newton's Essays, p. 393).
Authorities. Brunn, Gr. Kilnstler, ii 397-412; Mar-quardt, Das Privatleben der RSmer, pp. 669-7182; Saglio, article on Coelatura in Darem-berg and Saglio's Diet, den Antiquitds; and Bliimner's Technologic, vol. iv, pp. 228-413. Cp. the short sketch in the last chapter of Col-lignon's Manual of Greek Archaeology.] [J. E. S.]
Torment&. The heavy Roman engines of war. (See artillery.)
Tower of the Winds. An interesting example of the later Attic architecture, still standing in Athens. It was built by AndrSnicus Cyr-rhestea [Vitruvius, i 6 § 4] about the middle of the 1st century b.c., and it served at once as the public clock and weather-cock of Athens. It is an octagonal tower of marble, with prominent porches, each supported by two simple Corinthian columns, on the north-east and north-west. On the south it has a kind of turret, to contain the cistern for the water-clock. The eight sides
(7) * GL4SS CUP WITH OPEN REPOUSSE WOEK IN SILTEK.
(St. Petersburg, Hermitage Museum.)
(8) * GOLDEN CROWN, FROM ARMENTO. (Munich, Antiquanuiii.)