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On this page: Tetrarch – Thalamus – Thalia – Thallo – Thamyris – Thanatos – Thargelia – Thaumas – Theano – Theatre

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TETRARCH——THEATRE.

the tragedies Agamenwon, Chdephdrce, and Eiiiiientdt'S ; the satyric play appended to it was the Proteus.

Tetrarch (Gr. tetrarches). Properly the ruler of one of the four parts of a district divided into four governments. Also the title of a petty prince, like the rulers in those provinces of Asia which were allowed by Rome to retain a certain independence.

Teucer (Gr. Teukros). (1) A son of Sca-mander and the Nymph Idcea; the most ancient king of Troy, from whom the people were called Teucri. According to another legend, he, with Scamander, was driven by famine from Crete, and found refuge with Dardanns; while another version of the story describes Dardanus as having been received by Teucer.

(2) A son of Telamon of Salamis (thus named from his descent from Heslone, the Teucrian king's daughter); half-brother of Ajax. He was the best archer amongst the Greeks before Troy. On his return from the war, accused by his father of par­ticipation in his brother's murder, and banished from the country, he sought a new home in Cyprus, by the advice of Apollo, where Belus of Sidon, in return for assis­tance rendered him in war, made over to him the government, and he founded the town of Salamis. After his father's death, it is said that he returned to his native town of Salamis, but was driven away by his nephew and went to Spain.

Thalamus. The Greek term for a com­modious room in a house, and especially the nuptial chamber. (See house.)

Thalia (Gr. Thaleia). (I) One of the Graces. (See charites.)

(2) The Muse of dancing and pastoral poetry. (See muses.)

Thallo. Goddess of flowers, who presided over spring. (See hor^e.)

Thamyrls. A Thracian bard, mentioned by Homer [II. ii 595], son of Phllammon and the Nymph Argiope. He boasted that he could rival the Muses, and was therefore deprived by them of sight and voice, and the power of playing the lute. According to later legends, he expiated his arrogance by being punished in Hades.

Thanatds. The Greek personification of death. (See death.)

Thargella. The principal feast of Apollo in Athens, held on the seventh day of Thar-gellon (May-June), the birthday of the god. Originally it was connected with the ripen­ing of the field produce. A procession was formed, and the first fruits of the year were

offered to Apollo, together with Artemis and the Horse. It was at the same time an expiatory feast, at which a peculiar propi­tiatory sacrifice was offered, which was to purify the State from all guilt, and avert the wrath of the god, lest he should exer­cise his avenging and destroying power in burning up the harvest with parching heat, and ill visiting the people with pesti­lence. Two persons, condemned to death, a man and a woman, as representatives of the male and female population, were led about with a garland of figs round their necks to the sound of flutes and singing, and scourged with seaweed and with the branches of a fig tree. They were then sacrificed at a certain spot on the sea- i shore, their bodies burned, and the ashes cast into the sea. In later times they seem to have been contented with throwing the expiatory victims from a height into the eea, catching them as they fell, and banish­ing them from the country. Besides these sacrifices, festal processions and choral contests between men and boys took place. At the same time the great feast of Apollo was probably held at DelSs, to which the Athenians sent a sacred embassy in the ancient ship in which Theseus is said to have sailed to Crete, and which was always kept in repair.

Thaumas. Son of Pontus and Gsea, hus­band of Electra, one of the Oceamdes, and father of the Harpies and Iris.

ThSano. The pretended wife of Pytha­goras the philosopher. Seven extant letters on jealousy, on the education of children, the management of a household, etc., are attributed to her. Theatre.

(I) The Greek Theatre, The Greek theatre was originally in­tended for the performance of dithyrambic choruses at the feast of Dionysus. (See dithyrambos.) From the first it consisted of two principal parts : (a) the circular dancing-place, orchestra, with the altar (thymele) of the god in the centre; and (b) the place for the spectators, or the theStron proper. The theatron was in the form of a segment of a circle, greater than a semi-circle, with the seats rising above one another in concentric tiers (see fig. 1). The seats were almost always cut in the slope of a hill. [There are ex­ceptions to this rule at MegalSpolis and Mantlneia, where there is an artificial substructure.] When the dithyrambic choruses had developed into the drama, a

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