The Ancient Library

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On this page: Telecleides – Telegonus – Telemachus – Telephus – Telesilla – Telesphorus – Tellumo – Tellus



tion led to their leaving the island, and dispersing themselves over Lycia, Cyprus, Crete, and Greece.

Telecleides. A Greek poet of the old comedy, and a violent opponent of Pericles [Plutarch, Per. 3, 16]. He is said to have written only six pieces, of which a few fragments are still extant.

TelegSnug. Son of Odysseus and Circe. At his mother's command he set out _to find his father. Landing on the coast of Ithaca, he began to plunder the fields, and Odys­seus came out armed against him. Tele-gonus did not recognise his father, and mortally wounded him with the spine of a sting-ray which Circe had given him to serve as the barb of his lance. When he learned that the wounded man was his father, he took the body home with him, accompanied by Telemachug and PenSlSpe, and subsequently married the latter. He was supposed to be the founder of Tusculum [Horace, Od. in 29, 8] and Prasneste, near Rome. [Plutarch, Parall. Min. 41, and Pro-pertius, ii 32, 4. The legend of Telegonus was the theme of the T?l£gfmea, by the cyclic poet Eugammo, of Cyrene. The strange manner in which Odysseus met his end is mentioned in Oppian, Halieutica ii 497.]

Telemachus. Son of Odysseus (q.v.) and Penelope.

Tel6phus. Son of Heracles and Auge, the daughter of Aleus of Tegga and priestess of Athene. She concealed the child in the temple of the virgin goddess, and the country in consequence suffered a blight. By consulting an oracle, Aleus discovered the cause of the blight, and gave his daughter to Nauplius to drown her in the sea; but he exposed the infant on Mount Parthenion, where he was suckled by a hind and brought up by shepherds. Auge was given by Nauplius to Teuthras, king of Mysia, who made her his wife. When Telephus grew up, he consulted the oracle of Delphi to learn who his parents were, and was ordered to go into Asia to Teuthras. Teuthras welcomed his wife's son, and married him to his daughter Arglope, and at his death appointed Telephus his suc­cessor. The Greeks, on their way to Troy, landed on the coast of Mysia and began to plunder it, thinking they had reached Troy. Telephus opposed them bravely, and killed Thersander, son of Polynices; but, being j forced by Achilles to fly, Dionysus in his ! wrath caused him to stumble over a vine, and Achilles wounded him in the thigh with

' his lance. As the wound did not heal, and he was told by the oracle that it could only be healed by him who had inflicted it, Telephus disguised himself as a beggar, and went to Argos, whither the Greeks had been driven back by a storm. Under the advice of Clj'tEemnestra he carried off Agamemnon's infant son, whom he stole from his cradle, and took refuge on the house altar, threatening to kill the child un­less Agamemnon compelled Achilles to cure his wound. This had the desired effect, and Achilles healed the wound with the rust, or with the splinters, of the lance which had inflicted it. Being designated by the oracle as the guide to Troy, he showed the Greeks the way, but refused to take part in the war, because his wife, Astyoche, was a sister of Priam. His son Eurypylus rendered the Trojans the last aid they re­ceived before the fall of their town. This he did at the prompting of his mother, whom Priam had bribed by means of a golden vine wrought by Hephaestus, and given by Zeus to Tros in compensation for carrying off Ganymede. Eurypylus was killed by Neoptolemus after having performed many brave exploits. In the Mysian town of Pergam5n, and especially by the kings of the house of Attains, Telephus was revered as a national hero.

TelSsilla. Of Argos. A lyric poetess, who flourished about the year 508 b.c. After a defeat of the Argives, she is said to have placed herself at the head of a band of Argive women, and to have repelled an attack of the Spartan king CleSmSnes. The figure of a woman in front of the temple of AphrSdlte at Argos, with books lying at her feet, while she herself is looking at a helmet, as though about to put it on, was said to represent Telesilla [Pausanias, ii 20 § 7], She is said to have become a poetess because, on consulting an oracle respecting her health, she received as answer that she would receive health from the Muses. Scarcely anything remains of her poems, which consisted of hymns to Apollo and ArtSmis.

Telesph5rus (i.e. he who brings to an end). In Greek mythology, a boy who was regarded as the genius of health. (See asclepius [and esp. Journal of Hellenic Studies, iii 283-297].)

Tellftmo. See tellus.

Tellus. The Italian deity of mother-earth, often called tellus mater. She was invoked during earthquakes (her temple in Rome having been dedicated in 268 b.c. in

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