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and frightened them by impish tricks. The hare, as a wanton, cowardly, and amorous
(1) * COPY OF THE SATYR (OR FAUN) OF PRAXITELES.
(Rome, Capitoline Museum.)
(Fauno colla mofchta, Munich, Glyptothek, No. 99.)
creature of the woodland, was their appropriate symbol.
YOUTHFUL BATYR WITH HE INFANT DIONYSUS. (Naples, Museum.)
In art and poetry they gained a higher significance, owing to the festivals of Dionysus. (See satyrio drama.) In early art they are represented for the most part as bearded and old, and often very indecorous. As time went on, they were represented as ever younger and more graceful, and with an expression of amiable roguishness (see cuts). [The artist who led the way in this transformation was Praxiteles. The statue of the Satyr which Pausanias (i 20 § 1) saw at Athens, in the Street of Tripods, is generally supposed to be the original from which the statue in the Capitoline Museum and many others of the same type are derived. "In the Satyr of Praxiteles all that is coarse and ugly in form, all that is mean or revolting in expression, is purged away by the fire of genius. Of external marks of his lower nature nothing is left but the pointed ears and the arrangement of the hair over the forehead, which is a reminiscence of the budding horns of the goat "(Perry's Greek and Bo-man Sculpture, p. 437). (See fig. 1.) The Satyr represented in fig. 2 waa regarded by Winckelmann as, in point of execution, one of the most beautiful works of ancient art.] (Cp. silenus.)
Sauroctonds (" lizard slayer "). A special name of Apollo (q.v.).
Scene (Lat. sccena). The stage. (See theatre.)
Scepticism. A philosophical school founded by Pyrrho of Elis (about B.C. 365-275), which refused to acknowledge that truth was obtainable by the perception of the senses and the cognisance of the mind. In literature it is chiefly represented by the physician Sextus Empiricus. (Cp. philosophy.)
Sohfirla. The mythical island of the Phteacians (sec ph<eaces), identified with the historic Corcyra.
Schools. See education.