The Ancient Library

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On this page: Quintus Smyrnaeus – Quirinus – Quirites – Races – Raeda – Ramnes – Recitationes – Recognitio – Recuperatores – Regifugium – Relegatio



pupils. [The most recent editor, however (Constantine Hitter, 1884), regards the great bulk of them as genuine.]

Quiatus Smyrnseus. A Greek epic poet of Smyrna. Towards the end of the 4th century a.d., he composed a bald imita­tion of Homer, entitled the PosthomSnca, in fourteen books, a continuation of the Iliad after the manner of the cyclic epic writers from the death of Hector to the shipwreck of the Achseans on their journey home.

QuIrSnus. The Sabine name of Mars, as the god who brandished the lance (from Sabine curis = Latin quiris, the lance). The Sabines worshipped him under this name as the father of the founder of their old capital, Cures, just as the Romans honoured Mars as the father of Romulus. When the Sabines migrated to Rome, they took the cult and the name of the god of their race to their new abode on the

Quirinal hill. In this way Quirinus, though identical with Mars, had a distinct and separate worship on the slope of the Quirinal. He possessed a temple with priests (see flamen and sal!i) and a special festival. When, in the course of time, their connexion was forgotten, Quirimis was identified with the deified Romulus, the son of Mars. For Janus Quirinus see janus.

Qnlrites (derivation uncertain). The name of the oldest inhabitants of Rome, the Latin RamnSs and the Sabine Titles taken together. Afterwards it became the name of the Roman people (populus RomSnus Quiritlum or populus Bomanus Quirites) in home affairs, while Romani was used in connexion with foreign affairs. Quirites was also used to indicate peaceable citizens, or civilians, as opposed to soldiers (milUes) [Tac. Ann. i 42; Suet. Jul. 70; Lucan v 358].

Races. See chariots; circus, games of ; hippodrome. For footraces, see gym­nastics.

Raeda (or reda, wrongly spelt rhsda}. The Roman travelling-carriage with four wheels. (Cp. chariots, 2.)

Rainnes. One of the three old patrician tribes at Rome. (See patricians.)

Recltatlones. At Rome books were some­times read aloud before their publication. This custom was introduced in the time of Augustus by Aslnlus Pollio. At first these readings took place only before friends specially invited; afterwards they were publicly announced, and were held before great assemblies, either in the theatre or at the public baths or in the Forum, admis­sion being open to all. Introduced, in the first instance, with a view to obtaining the criticisms of the audience, to help the author in his final revision of his work, they soon became of such importance that they determined the success of the work so recited. At the same time second-rate talent was often blinded to its imperfections by the exaggerated applause of a clique. In the time of the younger Pliny these recitations were so much in fashion that [in the April of a particular year] hardly a day passed without one, [Ep. i 13 § 1. Cp. iii 7 § 5 : 18 § 4; v 17 § 4; vii 7 ; Juvenal, i 3; iii 9; vii 70, with Mayor's

note.) They seem to have continued till the 6th century a.d.

Recognltlo of the Roman knights, see equites.

E8cup6rat6res. The Roman term for a sworn committee, or board, of three to five members, convened by the praetor. Such a board had to adjudicate at Rome and in the provinces in money cases (more especially on claims for compensation and damages). At first only cases between Romans and foreigners were heard in this way, and were settled within ten days. Afterwards a board o{ this kind decided on all legal points which had to be settled promptly.

Reglfuglum. A Roman festival cele­brated on Feb. 24th, to commemorate the expulsion of the kings. At this festival the rex sacrorum offered sacrifice on the comltium, and then hastily fled. (See rex sacrorum.) [Probably in this case, as in many others, the sacrifice was originally regarded as a crime. The fact that the Salii were present is recorded by Festus (s.v. Regifugium). Possibly their presence had the same significance as the ceremony of leaping, etc., performed by them in March, presumably with a view to driving evil demons away from the city (Classical Review, v 51 6).]

Relegatlo. Banishment from Rome, in imperial times a milder form of exile (see

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All non-public domain material, including introductions, markup, and OCR © 2005 Tim Spalding.