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On this page: Propraetor – Propylaea

622

PROPRIETOR——PROPYLjEA.

his models, the Alexandrine poets, Calll-maehus and Philetas. Nevertheless he is a great poet, and none of his countrymen [except Catullus] have depicted the fire of passion so truly and so vividly as he.

Propraetor (pro pra-torg). The name among the Romans of a past praetor who, on the expiration of his office, proceeded to administer (generally for a year) the praetorian province assigned him by lot at the beginning of his office. Occasionally this title was also borne by those who, without having been prsetors immediately before, were invested with praetorian

celebrated was that built at the west end of the Acr5p6lls (see plan of acropolis). This was built of Pent«lic marble between 437 and 432 B.C., under the auspices of Pericles, at a cost of 2,012 talents (about £402,400). The architect was Mneslcles. The main building, a quadrangle of large dimensions, inclosed by walls to the right and left, and open in the direction of the city and the Acropolis, was transversely divided by a wall into two porticoes, that in front being about twice the depth of that behind. The dividing wall had five openings, the widest in the middle, and two smaller on each

* PLAN OF FROFYL.EA.

The dotted portions were projected only.

(Mi88 Harrison'B Mythology, etc., o/ Athens, p. 362, after Dorpfeld, Jfittheilungrn, 1886).

powers ; in particular, by the qusestors left behind by the governors in the provinces. Apart from tlie fact that the proprsetor had only six lictors, he had essentially the same position in the province as the pro­consul (fl.w.). Under the Empire this title was also given to the governors of the im­perial provinces, as distinguished from the proconsuls, the governors of the senatorial provinces,

Propylsea (Greek). A temple-like porch leading into a temple inclosure. [Thus there were propylwa to the temple of Athene at Sunium, and of Demeter at Eleusis (sec plan of eleusis)"). The most

side. The deeper portico in front of this dividing wall was faced by six Doric columns with the spaces between them correspond­ing in breadth to the five openings in the dividing wall, the space in the centre being nearly 18 feet, the two on each side about 12 and 11 feet. The portico beyond the division was similarly faced by six Doric columns. The columns of the outer portico were 29 feet high, those of the inner some­what less, but the ground on which they stand is 6J feet higher, so that the pedi­ment of the inner portico was nearly 5 feet higher than that of the outer portico. Two rows of three slender Ionic columns, about

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