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On this page: Pergamenum – Periactos – Periboea – Peribolus – Periclymenus – Periegetae

471

PERGAMENUM——PERIEGET^I.

the mighty form of Mother Earth, with the upper portion of her body rising up from the deep. Her name (GO) is written over her right shoulder. With imploring ges­tures she is raising to heaven her face, sur­rounded by her unbound locks; for they are her own children who are thus being laid low by the might of the celestial gods. One of the most remarkable groups is that in which the triple Hecate appears among the fighting Olympians. The sculptor has given her three heads (one wanting); and three pairs of arms, all of them bearing weapons (fig. 3). In other groups of com­batants we find HelISs on his four-horse chariot, with E5s riding in front; Dionysus; the sea-gods with their stately following of sea-centaurs and other divinities of the

Polybus of Corinth, and foster-mother of CEdlpus (q.v.).

P6rlb<51u8. The court of a Greek temple. (See temples.)

P6rlcljm6nns. (1) Son of Neleus and Chloris, brother of Nestor. He is the chief hero of the defence of PylSs against Hera­cles, to whom he gave much trouble by his prowess, as well as by his power of trans­forming himself, like the sea-gods, into every possible shape. This power had been given him by Poseidon, who was reputed to be his father. Finally he succumbed to the arrows of Heracles, and by his death sealed the doom of Pylos.

(2) A Theban, son of Poseidon and Chloris, daughter of the seer Tiresias. In the war of the Seven against Thebes he

(3) HECATE, ARES, AND GIANTS. (Uelief from Pergamon; Berlin Museum.)

ocean; the goddess CybSle, seated on a lion, etc. Beside these there have been found about thirty other slabs carved in relief, of smaller dimensions (5 ft. 2'8 ins. high), including some on the story of Tele-phus, the patron hero of the State of Per­gamon. These formed part of a smaller frieze, running round the inner side of an Ionic colonnade, rising above the larger frieze, on the platform, and inclosing the altar proper. The torsoes of a large number of colossal statues, mostly female, which likewise originally stood on the platform, have also been discovered. On the Per-(jnmene School, see sculpture.

Pergamenum. See writing materials.

P6rlact6s (Greek). Sec theatre.

PSrlboea (also called Merope). Wife of

! slew PirthenSpaeus, and was in pursuit of Amphiaraus at the moment when the latter sank into the earth.

PSrlegetae (lit. " those who guide strangers about," and show them what is worth notice). A term applied by the Greeks to the authors of travellers' guide-books enu­merating and describing what was worthy of note, especially buildings or monuments, in the several cities or countries. This kind of literature was especially in vogue from the 3rd century B.C. onwards. Its chief representatives are POlemon of Troas (about 2(X)), whose numerous works are now un­fortunately preserved in fragments only; and after him the Athenian HelWdOrus, author of a great work on the Acropolis, likewise lost. Larger fragments survive

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