The Ancient Library

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On this page: Pasiteles – Passus – Pater Familias – Patera – Patria Potestas – Patricians


Minos. She was enamoured of the white bull presented by Poseidon to Minos (q.v.~), and thereby became the mother of the monstrous Minotaur. (See minotaurus.)

PasItSles. A Greek artist of the 1st cen­tury b.c., a native of S. Italy. He was ac­tively engaged at Rome on important works in marble, ivory, silver, and bronze, and was also an author. He originated a new school, which was not immediately connected with any of the existing tendencies of art, but was founded on a careful study of nature and the masterpieces of earlier sculptors. It aimed above all things at correctness of form, combined with elegance of represen­tation and a mastery of technique. [Pasiteles chased in silver a representation of the infant Roscius (Cic., De Div, i 79), and i

among the Romans (see familia). Pater patnUus, the spokesman of the fetiales (q.v.). Pater mdtutlnus, a special name of Janus (g.v.).

Patfira. The broad, flat dish or saucer used by the Romans for drinking and for offering libations. (See vessels.)

Patrla PStestas. See familia.

Patricians (patrlcll, lit. the relatives of the patres, or heads of families of the old tribes. (See gens.) In the oldest times of Rome, the actual citizens who constituted the pSpulus Romdnus. They u-ere divided into three tribes,—Ramnes, Titles, and Lucerfs, each consisting of ten curice, (See curia.) The union of these latter formed the national assembly, the riata. (Sec, comitia, 3.) Besides

(5) * FROM THE EAST FRIEZE OF THE PAHTHENOJf. (Acropolis Museum, Athena; slab vi.)

executed an ivory statue of Jupiter for the temple dedicated by Metellus (Pliny, N. H. xxxvi 40). According to his contem­porary Varro, he never executed any work without modelling it first (ib. xxxv 156). Among his pupils was Stephanus, who in his turn was the master of Menelaus.] (See sculpture.)

Passus. The pace, or double step, a Roman measure of length = 5 Roman feet (pes) or 1'479 metres [=4 English feet 10J inches]. 1,000 passus formed a Roman mile, 1,478-70 metres [or 1,616 yards, 2 feet, 2 inches, or about 143 yards less than an English mile. The passus is sometimes estimated as 1'48 metre; 1,000 passus being then 1,480 metres or 1,618 yards, i.e. 142 yards less than an English mile].

Pat6r Famllias. The master of a house

these there were originally only Mentis, settlers enjoying no legal rights, with the citizens for their protectors (or patron1\ Afterwards, when a new element of the population, endowed with partial citizen­ship, called the plebs (q.v.), sprang up from the settlement of subjugated Latin tribes, the patricii stood in contrast to them as old citizens possessing full rights. Later, the plebeians received a fuller citizenship through the centurial constitution framed by Servius Tullius (see centuria), while they gained at the same time the right of voting in the comitia centur%atd, composed of patricians and plebeians, together with the obligation of serving in the field and paying taxes, hitherto obligatory on the patricians alone. In contrast to the plebeians, the patricians thus formed a hereditary aris-

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