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On this page: Parthenopaeus – Pasiphae

462

PARTHENOP^EUS——PASIPHAE.

feet long, and 11 feet 4 inches high. The cclla, or temple proper, is 194 feet long, and 69| feet wide, with six columns at each

(3) * A METOPE FROM SOUTH OF THE PARTHENON. (British Museum )

end, 33 feet in height. Opposite the outer­most columns at each end are antw, formed by the prolongation of the side walls of the Kella (sie plan of acropolis). Along the tup of the outer wall of the cello, ran a con­tinuous frieze, 524 feet in length, with re­presentations of the Panathenaic procession

goddess, wrought in gold and ivory, the masterpiece of Phidias (cp. athene, neat the end). The western chamber of tht cella was fronted by a portico, and was called by the special name of the Parthi-non. [Within this smaller chamber were kept vessels for use in the sacred proces­sions, with various small articles of gold or silver. Modern writers have hitherto generally identified this small chamber with the SpisthodomOs (lit. back-chamber), which was used as the treasury, or State bank, of Athens; but it is held by Dorpfeld that this term should be confined to the corresponding chamber of the early temple south of the Ereehtheum.]

In the Middle Ages the temple was con­verted into a church, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and then into a mosque, and remained in good preservation till 1687. In that year, during the siege of Athens by the Venetians, the building was blown up by the explosion of a powder magazine that the Turks had stored in it, and, with the exception of the two pediments, was al­most completely destroyed. Most of the sculptures preserved from the pediments and metopes, and from the frieze of the temple chamber, are now among the Elgin Marbles in the British Museum.

(4) FROM THE NORTH FRIEZE OP THE PARTHENON. (British Museum; slabs xxxv, xxxvi.)

carved in very low relief (fig. 2, F, and figs. 4 and 5). At the east end of the cella, the pronaos, or portico, leads into the eastern chamber, which was 100 Greek feet in length, and was therefore called the hecd-tompedos. It was divided longitudinally into three parts by two rows of nine columns each, and above these was a second row of columns forming an upper story. The central space was open to the sky (hy-paethral). At its western end, under a protecting canopy, stood the statue of the

Farthgnopsus. According to the older tra­dition, the beautiful sou of Talaus of Argos, and the brother of Adrastus; according to others, the son of Atalanta and Melanion. He was one of the Seven against Thebes, and was killed on the Theban wall during the storming of the city; the piece of rock that laid him low was hurled by Perlcly-menus. His son by the Nymph Clymgne is Promachus, one of the Epigoni.

Faslphae. Daughter of Helios and Perseis, sister of Aetes and Circe, wife of

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