The Ancient Library
 

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On this page: Parthenon (continued)

461

PARTHENON.

and frieze was completed under the direc­tion of Phidias, who himself took part in the work. The temple, built wholly of Pentelic marble, is 65 feet high. The sty-lobate, or platform, on which the columns stand (fig. 2, C), is 228 feet in length, and 101 feet in breadth [ = 225x100 in Attic feet, giving 9 : 4 as the ratio of length to breadth]. Under the stylobate is the

feet high, eight at each end, and fifteen on each side. The architrave from the first was adorned with 92 metopes sculptured in high relief (see, for the position of the metopes, fig. 2, (?). Shields and votive in­scriptions were subsequently placed there by Alexander the Great, in 338 b.c. [Plut., Alex. 16]. The subjects were : on the E. the battle of the gods and giants; on the

(2) * SECTION OF NORTH-EAST PORTION OF THE PARTHENON,

bowing A, (substructure; B B B, steps of crepidoma ; C, stylobate ; D, tympanum of eastern (ediment; Et coffered ceiling; F, frieze of the rclla; G, metopes and triglyphs; H is part >f the range of Parnes (Wiener Yorlegeblatter).

crepldoma, or basis proper, formed of three steps (fig. 2, B B B) resting on a massive substructure, 250 feet long and 105 feet broad, and founded on the rock at the highest part of the plateau of the Acropolis (fig. 2, C). The temple is peripteral, its walls being entirely surrounded by a colon­nade of forty-six Doric columns, about 35

S., that of the Centaurs and Lapithas (fig. 3)j on the W., the victory of the Athenians over the Amazons; and on the N., the destruction of Troy. The sculptures of the eastern pediment (D) represented the birth of the goddess, those of the western the strife of Athene with PSseidon for the pos­session of Attica. These pediments are 93

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