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On this page: Oeneus – Oenomaus

CENEUS——tENOMAUS.

Corinth, PSlybus, and he takes it to his master. The boy, who derives the name (Edipus (Swellfoot), from his swollen feet, is adopted by the childless Polybus and his wife Perlbcea in place of offspring of their own. On reaching manhood, he is reproached during a carousal with not being the son of his presumptive parents, and betakes himself without their know­ledge to Delphi, in order to find out the truth. The terrible response of the oracle, to the effect that he will slay his own father and then beget children in wedlock with his mother, causes him to avoid Corinth. At the place in Phocis where the road from Delphi to Daulis leaves the road to Thebes, he is met by his real father, who is on a journey to Delphi to question the god concerning the devastation of his land by the Sphinx. As (Edipus will not move aside, a quarrel arises, and he kills his father together with his attendants, one of whom alone escapes. He proceeds to Thebes, and there frees the city from its plague by solving the Sphinx's riddle ; as a reward he receives from Creon the dominion of Thebes and the late king's j widow, locaste, for a wife; and the latter j bears him four children (given by the older myth to Euryganeia). Years after­wards failure of crops and pestilence come upon Thebes, and the oracle promises libe­ration from the disaster only if the murder of Laius be requited by the banishment of the murderer. The result of (Edipus' eager endeavours to identify this, person is the discovery of the horrors which he has unconsciously perpetrated. locaste hangs herself in despair, and (Edipus puts out his own eyes. Deposed from his throne, and imprisoned at Thebes by his sons to conceal his shame from men's eyes, or (ac­cording to another account) driven by them into banishment, whither his daughters accompany him, he pronounces against his sons a curse, to the effect that they shall divide their inheritance with each other by means of the sword, a curse which is ful­filled with awful exactness. (See seven against thebes.)

His grave was afterwards shown at the village of EtSonus, on the borders of Attica and Boeotia, in the sanctuary of Demeter, and worship done to him as to a hero. At Athens too, in a sacred demesne of the Erinyes, between the Areopagus and the AcropSlIs, was a monument to (Edipus, whose bones were supposed to have been brought hither from Thebes.—Sophocles,

in his (Edipus at Colonus, follows another legend. He represents him as coining to the Attic deme of Colonus at the bidding of Apollo, and as finding there, in the sanc­tuary of the now propitiated Eumemdes,the longed-for peace of the grave. His bones, the place of burial of which was known to none, are a precious treasure for the country, to guard it from hostile invasions.

(Eneus (i.e. vintner). King of Carydon, in jEtolia, the hills of which he was the first to plant with the vine received from Dionysus. He was son of Portheus or Porthaon, and brother of Agrius and Melas; by Althaea, daughter of Thestius, he became the father of Tydeus, Meleager, and Deiamra. (See, heracles.) As he once forgot Artemis in a sacrifice, she sent the Calydonian boar, which ravaged the country, and, even after its slaughter in the famous Calydonian Hunt, occasioned the death of Meleager (q.v.). From the plots of his brother Melas he had been delivered by Tydeus through the murder of Melas and his sons, but after the deaths of Tydeus aud Meleager, his other brother Agrius, and the sons of that brother, deprived him of his throne and cast him into prison. His grandson Diomedes however revenged him with the aid of Alcmaeon, to whom he had once given hospitable entertainment, and who was desirous of taking (Eneus with him to Argos, after he had given over the throne of Calydou to his son-in-law Andrae-mon, whose son Thoas, in Homer [//. ii 638]. leads the ^Etolians to Troy. But the two sons of Agrius, who have escaped death, lie in wait for him in Arcadia, and there slay the old man. Diomedes carries his body to Argos, and deposits it in the city which after him was called (Enoe. While in Homer (Eneus is dead before the expe­dition to Troy, later mythology represents him as surviving the Trojan War, and as restored to his kingdom by Diomedes on the latter's flight from Argos.

(Endmaus. Son of Ares and the Pleiad Sterope, king of Pisa in Elis, father of Hippodamla. He endeavoured to prevent his daughter's marriage, either because he loved her himself, or because an oracle had predicted his death in the event of her marriage. In consequence of this he im­posed upon her suitors the condition that they must contend with him in ji race from Pisa to the alter of Poseidon, on the Corinthian isthmus : if he overtook them with his horses, which were as swift ns the winds, he transfixed them with his spear.

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