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and an Egyptian fleet fought against each other, each with 2,000 rowers and 1,000 marines on board. In B.C. 2, Augustus, at the dedication of the temple of Mars Ultor, had a seafight between Athenians and Persians, represented with thirty ships. The greatest of all namnachia' was that of Claudius in A.D. 52; it took place on the Fucine Lake, and 19,000 men in the dress of Rhodians and Sicilians fought in two fully armed men-of-war. For similar contests the arena of the amphitheatre was sometimes filled with water. The crows of the ships consisted of gladiators, prisoners, and criminals who had been condemned to death.
Nauplius. (1) Son of Poseidon and Amy-mone (see danaus), founder of Nauplia, and a famous navigator.
(2) A king of Eubosa, husband of Cl}'- mene. (See catreus.) After the unjust execution of his son Palamedes (<?.t?.) at the siege of Troy, the Greeks refused to give him the satisfaction he demanded. There upon he avenged his son's death by raising deceptive fire-signals, and stranding the returning Greeks among the breakers near the cliffs of Caphareus in Eubopa. He thus caused the shipwreck and destruction of a large number. He is said to have finally thrown himself into the sea. J
Nauslcaa. The discreet and beautiful j daughter of the Phaeacian king AlcmSus and Arete. She met Odysseus when he ] was cast ashore on the island of Scheria, j and conducted him to her father's palace (Homer, Od. vi).
Nautddlci. Commercial judges: at Athens, a judicial board, having cognisance in j disputes between traders and suits against foreigners who pretended to be citizens. '• The former class of cases they settled themselves ; the latter they prepared and brought before the Heliastic court. In Demosthenes' ; time they had ceased to exist, and both j kinds of suits came under the jurisdiction of the Thesmdthetce.
Nazariua. A Latin panegyric writer; the author of an eulogy on the emperor ! Constantine, delivered 321 A.D.
Nearchus. A Greek writer of Crete, resident afterwards at Amphipolis. He was a friend of Alexander the Great in his youth, and administered the satrapy of Lycia for five years after the battle of Granicus (334 B.C.). He then took part in the Indian expedition (327 b.c.) and returned, as commander of the fleet, down the Indus and along the coast of Asia, to the mouth of the Tigris.
After Alexander's death he attached himself to Autigonus. He wrote an account of his voyage, which was rich in geographical discoveries. Of this we possess, besides fragments, an abstract in Arrian's Indtea. The investigations of later times have in many respects confirmed the trustworthiness of his statements concerning ancient India.
Ngcjsla. Feast in honour of the dead. (Sec burial.)
N6fasti Dies. See fasti.
Neleus. Son of Poseidon and Tyro the daughter of Salmoneus, brother of Pelias. The brothers are exposed after birth by their mother, who afterwards married Cretheus of lolcus : they are found by a herdsman and brought up by him until they grow up and are acknowledged by their mother. After Cretheus' death they quarrel about the possession of lolcus, and Neleus, together with Melampus and Bias, the sons of his half-brother Amythaon, retires into exile in Messenia, where Aphareua, Tyro's cousin, allows them to occupy Pylus. By Chloris, daughter of Amphlon, the king of the Minyan Orchomenus (it is only a later myth that identifies him with Amphion of Thebes) he is father of twelve sons, of whom Periclymenus and Nestor (q.v.) are the most celebrated, and one daughter, the beautiful Pero, bride of Bias(seeMELAMPUS). On his refusing to purify Heracles from the murder of Iphitus, Heracles invades his country and slays all his sons except Nestor, who chances to be absent from home at the time. Nestor becomes the champion and avenger of the aged Neleus when the Epeana and their king Augeas, emboldened by his misfortune, venture on acts of injustice towards him. According to one account it was Neleus who renewed the Olympian games and died at Corinth, where, it was said, he was buried at the isthmus ; according to others, he was slain along with his sons by Heracles.
Ne'me'a (the Nemean Games). One of the four Greek national festivals, which was celebrated in the valley of Nemea in the territory of the Argive town Cleonse. In historic times the festival was held in honour of Zeus, who had here a temple with a sacred grove. Originally it is said to have consisted of funeral games, instituted by the Seven during their expedition against Thebes, in memory of the boy Archemorus