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extracted from the walls of the castle and placed in the British Museum.] In 1857 the site was discovered by Newton, acting under a commission from the English
at Halicarnassus, etc., 1862; Travels and Discoveries, ii 84-137].
The Romans gave the name of Mausoleum to all sepulchres which approached
(2) MAUSOLEUM OK HADItlAN AT ROME (RESTORED).
government, and the sculptures thus unearthed [including the statue of Mausolus
(8) section OP hadrian's mat-pot.kum.
a. Entrance, with Statue of Hadrian.
b. Ventilating Passage. d. Ventilating Channel.
o. Central Tomb-chamber. f. Drainage Outlet.
(4) ground-plan of hadrian's mausoleum.
and important fragments of the marble
were removed to the British Newton's History of Discoveries
that of Mausolus in size and grandeur oi execution, as, for instance, (1) that erected by Augustus for himself and his family, the magnificence of which is attested by the still extant walls inclosing it; and (2) the sepulchre of Hadrian, which is in part preserved in the castle of S. Angela, a circular building of 220 feet in diameter and 72 feet high, resting on a square base, the sides of which are almost 100 yards long. It was originally covered with Parian marble, and profusely ornamented with colonnades and statues; and probably had a pyramid on the top (cp. figs. 2-4).
Mavors. See mars.
Maxlmlanus of Etruria, a Latin poet in the beginning of the 6th century after Christ. He is the author of six amatory elegies, modelled on classical poets, from whom he borrowed largely.
Maxlmns. (1) of Tyre. A Greek rhetorician and adherent of the Platonic philosophy, in the second half of the 2nd century after Christ. Forty-one rhetorical lectures of his on philosophical subjects of general interest are extant; the style is neat and scholarly.
(2) The author, otherwise unknown, of an astrological poem about the positions of the