The Ancient Library

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On this page: Iobates – Iocaste – Iolaus – Iole – Ion – Iophon – Iphianassa – Iphicles – Iphiclus



jealousy of Hera into a white heifer, and Argus of the hundred eyes was appointed to watch her. When Hermes, at the com- ; mand of Zeus, had killed Argus, Hera ! maddened the heifer by sending a gad-fly [ which perpetually pursued her. lo thus wandered through the continents of Europe and Asia, by land and by sea. Each of the different straits she swam across was named after her SospOnts, or Ox-ford. At last in Egypt she recovered her original shape, and bore Epaphus to Zeus. Libya, the daughter of Epaphus, became by PSseidon the mother of Belus, who in turn was father of jEgyp-tus, Danaus, Cepheus, and Phineus. The Greek legend of lo's going to Egypt is pro­bably to be explained by her having been identified with the Egyptian goddess Isis, who is always represented with cow's horns. lo (" the wanderer ") is generally explained as a moon-goddess wandering in the starry heavens, symbolized by Argus of the hun­dred eyes; her transformation into a horned heifer represents the crescent moon.

lobates. A king of Lycia, father of Anteia, and son-in-law of Prcatus, king of Tiryns, by whom he was commissioned to kill Bellerophon (q.v.).

fdcaste. The mother and also the wife of (Edlpus (q.v.).

folaus. Son of Iphicles, the half-brother of Heracles, and the faithful companion and charioteer of that hero. For his help in destroying the Lernaean hydra and in the light with Cycnus, Heracles transferred to him his first wife Megara. The friendship he had devoted to the father he continued to the children of Heracles in defending them against Eurystheus. As the comrade of Heracles he was worshipped beside him j in Thebes, where the gymnasium was named after him, and where the inhabitants used to swear by his name.

Idle. Daughter of Eurytus of (Echalia. She came into the power of Heracles as a captive of war, and was on his death (of which she was the innocent cause) married to his son Hyllus. (See heracles.)

Ion. (1) According to the Attic story, the son of Apollo and Creusa, daughter of the Athenian king Erechtheus. He was exposed at his birth by his mother in a grotto on the cliff of the Acropolis, whence he was taken by Hermes to Delphi and brought up by the Pythian priestess to be an attendant in his father's temple. Creusa afterwards married Xuthus, who had migrated from Thessaly, and was son of Hellen and brother of yEfilus and Doras.

As this marriage was childless, the pair went to Delphi to consult the god as to the cause. Xuthus received the command to consider as his son the first person he should meet in front of the temple. This happened to be Ion, who had meanwhile grown up, and was at once accepted by Xuthus as his son. But Creusa, fancying he was her husband's son by a former union, resolved to poison him. Ion detects her design in time and would have killed Creusa, who however takes refuge at the altar of the god. Then the Pythian priestess produces the cradle in which he had been exposed as an infant, and thus brings about recogni­tion and reconciliation between mother and son. Ion married Hellce, the daughter of Selinus, king of the jEgialeans on the north coast of the Peloponnesus. At the death of this king he became monarch of the land, and the inhabitants assumed the name of lonians after him. Afterwards being called upon by the Athenians to help them against Eumolpus and the Eleusinians, he conquered the enemy and was made king of Athens. From the four sons who are attributed to him, Hfiples, Gelgon, jEglcflres, and Argades were descended the four Ionic tribes.

(2) Of Chios. A Greek author of rare versatility for his time. He composed historical writings, among them a kind of memoirs of men of mark he had met, such as Sophocles; also lyric poems of the most varied types, and thirty or forty tragedies which were more remarkable for elegance and erudition than for elevation of style. When in B.C. 452 he won a dramatic vic­tory at Athens, he is said to have presented every Athenian with a flask of Chian wine. He died at Athens in 422 B.C. We only possess scanty fragments of his works.

Iflphon. The son of Sophocles, and, like his_ father, a tragic poet. (Sec sophocles.)

Iphlanassa. See iphioenia.

Iphlcles. Son of Amphitryon and Alcmene, half-brother of Heracles and father of Ifilaus. He took part in the Calydonian Hunt and also in many of his brother's expeditions, especially against Erginus, Augeas, Laomedon, and Hippocoon. He either fell in the fight against the sons of Hippocoon or was wounded in battle against the Mollfinldae at PhgnSfls in Arcadia, where he_was afterwards worshipped as a hero.

Iphlclus. Son of Phylacus of Phylace in Thessaly, father of Pfidarces and Protesilaus. He took part in the Argonautic expedition and in the funeral games in honour of Pelias. Here he outstripped all his com-

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