The Ancient Library

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On this page: Iamblichus – Iapetus – Iasion – Ibycus – Icarius





«nd thus forming epodes. Instead of the iambus (-• -), he also made use of its in­verted form, the trochee (- w). Further re­presentatives of this class were his younger contemporary Sfmonldis of Amorgus, and HippOnax of Ephesus (about 540 b.c.), the inventor of the metre called the choliambus or scfizon iambus, the " lame" or " limping iambus," in which the last iambic foot is re­placed by a trochee, which as it were limps at the end of the verse and gives it a comic effect. Solon employed the iambic form in justifying his political aims in the face of his opponents. Of the later iambic writers may be mentioned HerddSs or Herondas, whose extant poems (editioprinceps, 1891), may be assigned to the 3rd century b.c. He was the composer of mimes in iambic metre, a kind of imitative pourtrayal of manners in choliambic verses, similar to those of the Roman Gnceus Matius in the 1st century B.C. from the middle of this century on­wards lampoons in iambic verse became common among the Romans. Its earliest representatives included Ftirius Blb&culus, Catullus, and also Horace, who in his epodes imitated the metres of Archilochus. Under the Empire, a few poems by Martial and Ausdflius belong to this class.

lamblkhus. (1) A Greek writer of ro­mances, born in Syria, who composed in the second half of the 2nd century a.d. a romance in sixteen books, called, from the scene of the greater part of the story, BdbylOnica. It relates the love-adventures of Rhodanes and Sinonis. We only possess an epitome of it by Photius.

(2) A Greek philosopher from Chalcis in Syria, a pupil of Porphyrius, and the founder of the Syrian school of Neo-Platonic philosophy. He died about 330 A.D. He employed the Neo-Platonic philosophy en­tirely in the service of polytheistic religion, and mingled it with Oriental superstition, which he endeavoured to justify on specu­lative grounds. He even taught that divi­nation and magic were necessary to bring about a re-absorption into the Deity. He himself had the reputation of working miracles, and was highly venerated by his disciples. Of his work in ten books on the Pythagorean philosophy, we still possess four parts, including a life of Pythagoras, an uncritical and careless com­pilation from the works of earlier writers. A work, formerly attributed to him, on the theology of arithmetic, setting forth the mystic lore of numbers according to the later Pythagoreans and Platonists, is not

written by him, any more than the work on the Mysteries of Egypt. Both however belong to his school.

I&petfts. Son of Uranus and Gsea, a Titan, who, either by Clymene or Asia, the daughter of Ocganus, became the father of Atlas, Mencetius, Prometheus, and Eplme-theus. He was thrown into Tartarus, with his son Mencetius, on account of his rebellion against Zeus.

lasion (or Idslus). A favourite of Demeter, who in Crete became by him the mother of Plutus. Zeus accordingly killed lasion with a flash of lightning.

Ibycus. A Greek lyric poet of Rhegium in Lower Italy, about 530 b.c. Like Ana-creou, he led a wandering life, and spent much of his time at the court of PSlycrates of Samos. According to his epitaph, he died in his native town; according to the legend made familiar by Schiller's poem, be was slain on a journey to Corinth, and his mur­derers were discovered by a flock of cranes. His poems, which were collected into seven books, survive in scanty fragments only. They dealt partly with mythological themes in the metres of StesichSrus and partly with love-songs in the spirit of Molic lyric poetry, full of glowing passion and sensibility. It was mainly to the latter that he owed his fame.

ic&rtus. (1) The hero of the Attic deme of Icaria. Under the reign of Pandlon he received the vine from Dionysus in return for his hospitable reception of the god. As he went about the land with skins full of wine, in order to spread the cultivation of the vine, and some shepherds became intoxi­cated on the new drink, their companions, thinking they had been poisoned, slew him and either cast his body into a dry brook or buried him under a tree on Mount Hymet-tus. His daughter Erigone found it after a long search, being led to the spot by her faithful dog Mcera ; and hung herself on the tree. Dionysus punished the land with a plague, and the maidens with madness, so that they hanged themselves after the manner of Erigone. To expiate the guilt of slaying Icarius and to avert the curse, the festival of the Aiora (the " swing ") was founded in her honour. During this all sorts of small images were hung on the trees and swung, and fruits were brought as an offering to the father as well as to the daughter. Icarius was placed among the constellations as Bodies or ArctUims, Erigone as Virgo, and Msera as PrQcyon.

(2) Son of (Ebalus of Sparta. By the

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