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On this page: Homoioi – Honos and Virtus – Hoplites

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HOMOIOI——HOPLITES.

shorter poems on various gods. These are really prGcemia, or introductions, with which the rhapsodists prefaced their reci­tations. Their object is to praise the god at whose festival the recitation took place, or who was specially honoured in the town where the rhapsodist presented himself. Perhaps even the choice of the introduc­tion may have been influenced by the con­tents of the subsequent poem. If these poems did not originate with Homer, at any rate they are the compositions of rhapso­dists of the Homeric school, called H&mg-rldce. Thus the rhapsodist Cynaethus of Chios (about b.c. 504) is named' as the author of the hymn to the Deliau Apollo. The collection appears to have been pre­pared for the use of the rhapsodists in Attica, with a view to selections being made from it at pleasure. (6) Sixteen small poems called Epigrammdtiij remains of an older poetry, two of which are lays in a popular style: the Kdmlnos, or " potter's oven " (in which the blessing of Athene is invoked on a batch of earthenware, when placed in the furnace), and a kind of begging song, called the EirfsKnf (lit. a harvest-wreath wound round with wool). 'c) The SatrdchOmySmachla, the Battle of the Frogs and Mice, a parody of the Iliad, is generally attributed to Pigres, the brother of tho Carian queen Artemisia, 90 well known in connexion witli the Persian Wars. The ancient satirical epic poem called the MargltCs (" the dolt ") has been lost. Its great antiquity may be inferred from its having been assigned to Homer as early as the time of ArchilSchus ob. 676 B.C.) (On Homer, see Prof. Jebb's Introduction.]

(2) A poet of HlerapSlis in Caria, son of the poetess Mcero, born in the first half of the 3rd century b.c. He was one of the seven tragic poets of the Alexandrine Pleiad (q.v.).

Homoioi ( = " Peers"). A name given to the Spartlatse (q.v.) in allusion to their having equal political rights with one another.

Hfinos and Virtus. The Latin personi­fications of honour and warlike courage. [Cic., Verr. ii 4, 121.] Marcus Marcellus, the famous conqueror of Syracuse (b.c. 212), added to an already existing shrine dedicated to Honos another to Vii'tus, and united them both in one building, which he adorned with the masterpieces of Greek art which he had carried off from Syracuse. Marius built a second temple from the booty gained in the Cimbrian War (B.C.

101). Upon coins they are both represented as youthful figures, with tresses; Honos with a chaplet of bay-leaves and cornu­copia, and Virtus with a richly ornamented helmet.

Hoplites. The heavily armed foot-soldiers of the Greeks, who fought in serried masses (see phalanx), Their weapons

* MONUMENT OF AN ATHENIAN HOPLITE. (Athens.)

consisted of an oval shield suspended from the shoulder-belt, and wielded by means of a handle, a coat of mail (see thorax), a helmet and greaves of bronze, and sometimes a lance about six feet long, and a short sword. The Spartans, who fought with

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