The Ancient Library

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On this page: Hector – Hegemone – Heremony – Hegesias – Hegesippus – Helena



sons of Uranus and G*a. Their names are Briareus, Cottus, and Gyes. Owing to their hostile attitude to him, their father kept them imprisoned in the bowels of the earth. But on the advice of Gaea, the gods of Olympus summoned them from their prison to lend assistance against the Titans, and, after their victory, set them to watch the Titans, who had been thrown into Tar­tarus. Homer mentions Briareus, called by men JUgaeon, as the son of Pfiseidon, and mightier than his father. Briareus was summoned to the aid of Zeus by Thetis, when Hera, Poseidon, and Athene were wishing to bind him.

Hector. The eldest son of Prlamus and Efecabe, husband of Andrfimache and father of Astyanax. In Homer he is the most prominent figure among the Trojans, as Achilles is among the Greeks, and is evidently a favourite character with the poet. He has all the highest qualities of a hero, unshaken spirit, personal courage, and wise judgment; but he is also a most affectionate son, and the tenderest of fathers and husbands. This trait is most touchingly exhibited in the celebrated scene in the sixth Iliad, where he takes leave of Andromache. Moreover, he is a favourite of the gods, especially of Apollo. He clearly foresees his own death, and the destruction of his native city; but he does not allow the thought to unnerve his courage and force for a moment. The Trojans love and revere him as the shep­herd of his people; his enemies fear and respect him, and even Achilles cannot meet him without some apprehension. He is always to be found where the battle rages most furiously, and he does not hesitate to meet the chiefest heroes of the Greeks in single combat. Ajax the son of TSlamon is his especial foe. In the absence of Achilles he reduces the Greeks to the direst straits, storms their defences, and Bets their ships on fire. Patroclus, who opposes him, he slays with the aid of Apollo. But his destiny at length over­takes him. In spite of the entreaties of his parents and his wife, he goes out to meet Achilles in his wrath. He is suddenly seized with the agony of terror ; his terrible foe chases him three times round the walls of the city; Zeus mourns for him; but when his life and that of his enemy are weighed in the balance, Hector's scale sinks, Apollo leaves him, and he falls by the spear of Achilles before the eyes of his people. Achilles flings his corpse into

the dust in front of Patroclus' bier, to be devoured by dogs and birds. But Aphrd-dite anoints the body with ambrosia, and thus saves it from corruption. Achilles drags it three times behind his chariot round the grave of Patroclus, but Apollo preserves it from mutilation. At length, at the command of Zeus, Achilles delivers up the body to Hector's aged father, to be laid out in the court of the palace, and afterwards burnt on a funeral pyre. In later times Hector was worshipped as a hero by the inhabitants of Ilium, who offered sacrifices at his grave.

H6cuba (Gr. The daughter of the Phrygian Dymas, or, according to another story, of Cisseus, and wife of Priam. (See priamus.) After the fall of Troy she was made a slave, and fell to the lot of Odysseus. Her son Pfilydorus had been slain by Pfilymestor, king of Thrace, on whom she took vengeance by putting out his eyes on the Thracian coast. On thia she was changed into a dog, and threw herself into the sea. Her tomb served as a landmark for sailors. HegSmSne. See charites. Hegemony (Gr. heggmSnla, or "leader­ship "). This was the Greek name for the supremacy assumed by a single state in a confederacy of states, and with it the direc­tion, more or less absolute, of the business of the confederacy. In the language of Athenian law hegemonia meant the presi­dency in the courts, which belonged in different cases to different officials. Their business was to receive the charge, make the arrangements for the trial, and preside while it was going on.

Hegeslas. A Greek orator, born in Magnesia on Mount Slpylus in the first half of the 3rd century B.C. He was the founder of what was termed the Asiatic style of oratory. (See rhetoric.)

Hegesippus. (1) An Athenian statesman and orator, a contemporary of Demosthenes, whose political opinions he shared. He is the author of the speech On the Island of HalonnesSs, which was falsely attributed to Demosthenes. (2) See josephus.

Helena. The divinely beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda, the wife of TyndarSos of Sparta; sister of the Dioscuri and of Clyteeinnestra. The post-Homeric story represented her as carried off, while still a maiden, by Theseus, to the Attic fortress of Aphidnse, where she bore him a daughter Iphlgfineia. She was afterwards set free

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