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On this page: Eutropius – Evander – Eventus – Evocati – Evocatio – Executio – Exedra – Exercitus – Exilium

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EUTROPIUS——EXILIUM.

days after the term of office had come to an end, these functionaries issued, to all whom it might concern, a public notice to lay before them any complaints they might have to make against the retiring officials. In case such complaints were made, the matter was brought to an issue by legal procedure. No official was allowed to leave the country, or take any measure affecting his property, or take another office, before his account was given [Aristotle, Const, of Athens, 48].

Eutrdplus. A Roman historian who took part in the expedition of Julian against the Parthians in 363 a.d. In 3_78, under Valentinian, he wrote and dedicated to this emperor a sketch of Roman history (Brgvtarium ab Urbe Condlta) in ten books, from the earliest times to the death of Jovian in 364. The language is simple, and the narrative intelligent and impartial. The work was useful and concise, and became very popular. Succeeding writers down to the Middle Ages, and especially Hleronymus and Oroslus, used it a great deal. It was several times turned into Greek, indeed as early as 380 by PseamSs, whose translation has been preserved almost entire. The work of Eutropius was en­larged and continued by Paulus DIaconus, who, in the last part of the 8th century a.d., added six books to it. It was also used in the Historm Afiscella, or Collective His­tory, and has continued to be a favourite school book down to our own day.

Evander (Gr. EuandrOs, the good man), a figure in Latin mythology. He was said to be the son of Hermes and an Arcadian nymph. Sixty years before the Trojan War he led a Pelasgian colony to Latium from Pallantlon in Arcadia, and founded a city Pallanteum near the Tiber, on the hill which was afterwards named after it the Palatine. Further it was said that he taught the rude inhabitants of the country writing, music, and other arts; and intro­duced from Arcadia the worship of certain gods, in particular of Pan, whom the Italians called Faunus, with the festival of the Lupercalia which was held in his honour. Evander was worshipped at Rome among the heroes of the country (see indigites), and had an altar on the Aven-tine hill. But the whole story is evidently | an invention of Greek scholars, who derived ] the Lupercalia from the Arcadian Ijycfp.a. The name Euandros is a mere translation of the Italian Faunus, while Carmenta is an ancient Italian goddess.

Pallas, the son of Evander, is in like

manner a creation of the poets. In Vergil he marches, at the command of his father, to assist .(Eneas, and falls in single combat with Turnus.

Eventus, or properly Bdnus Eventus (lucky or happy event). In Roman religion, a god of rural prosperity, like the Greek Agdthoda-mdn, whose image was in later times transferred to the Italian deity. In the course of time Bonus Eventus gained the more general meaning of the friendly fortune which secures a lucky issue to undertakings. The god had a temple of his own on the Campus Martius, in the neighbourhood of the Pantheon.

EvScati (those who are summoned or called out). The term applied in the Roman army to soldiers who had served their time and obtained their dismissal, but who, on the general summoning them by name, returned to the service on condition of receiving certain privileges. These were, exemption from all service except in battle, a rank and pay equal to those of the centurions, and prospect of advance­ment. The enlistment of evocati was especially common in the civil wars. Some­times they were distributed in the legion, sometimes they formed a special and select troop, divided into centurice. We some­times find them, in isolated instances, under the early Empire. On the difference between them and the vltiranf, see veterani.

Ev6catI6 (calling out). The term for the solemn summons given to the tutelary gods of a besieged city to leave it, and to migrate to Rome. The Romans always vowed, at the same time, to build them a temple at Rome. An example of a deity " evoked " in this way was Juno RegJna, who was originally worshipped at Veiir but afterwards had a temple in Rome on the Aventine.

ExScutlo. See bonokum emptio.

Exedra. An alcove, or semi-circular ex­tension of the colonnade in a Greek gym-n&slzim. It was furnished with seats on which the philosophers usually sat to talk with their disciples. In private houses the exedra was a room intended for conversa­tion, fitted with a bench running round the wall.

Exercltns. See stipendium, castka, legion, dilectus, sacramentum.

Exlllum ( = banishment). (1) Greek. Among the Greeks exile was the legal punishment for homicide (see ephe'm:). It was also, at times, a political measure,

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