The Ancient Library

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On this page: Eunapius – Euneus – Eunomia – Eupatridae – Euphemus – Euphorion – Euphranor – Euphrosyne – Eupolis – Eupompus – Euripides



general. The EumolpTdse, his descendants, were the hereditary priests of the Eleu-sinian ritual.

EunapSus. A Greek rhetorician, born at Sardis in 347 a.d. In 405 he wrote bio­graphies of twenty-three older and con­temporary philosophers and sophists. In spite of its bad style and its superficiality, this book is our chief authority for the his­tory of the Neo-Platonism of that age. We have also several fragments of his continua­tion of the chronicle of Herennius Dexippus. This continuation, in fourteen books, covered the period from 268 to 404 a.d., and was much used by Zosimus.

Euneus. See jason and hypsipyle.

Ennomla. See hor/e.

Eupatrldse. The members of the ancient noble families of Attica. After the abolition of royal power they found them­selves in exclusive possession of political rights, and distinguished from the GemndrT or agriculturists, and the Demturgi or me­chanics. The constitution of Solon deprived them of this privilege. But their landed property, and the priestly dignities which they had possessed of old, assured them a certain influence for a considerable time.

Euphemns. Son of Poseidon and Europa, daughter of Tltyus, husband of La6n5me, the sister of Heracles. His father conferred on him the gift of moving so swiftly over the sea that his feet remained dry. He was originally one of the Minyse of PanSpeus in Phocis, but afterwards settled on the promontory of Tsenarum in Laconla, and took part in the Calydonian hunt and the expedition of the Argonauts. When the Argonauts came to the lake of Triton, Triton gave Eumolpus a clod of earth, and Medea prophesied that if he threw this into the entrance of the lower world at Tsenarum, his descendants of the tenth generation would be masters of Libya. The clod, how­ever, was lost in the island of Thera, and his descendants were compelled to hold possession of this island, from which at length, in the seventeenth generation, Battus came forth and founded Gyrene in Libya.

Enphftrlon. (1) Son of ^Eschylus, the great tragedian. He flourished about 450 b.c., and after his father's death put on the stage four of his pieces, which had not yet been performed, and gained the prize. He also exhibited tragedies of his own, not without success.

(2) A Greek poet and writer of the Alexandrian age and in the Alexandrian style. He was born about 276 b.c., at

Chalcis in Eubcea, and died holding tha post of librarian at the court of Antio-chus the Great, king of Syria. Besides works [on mythology and history] in prose, he wrote epics, elegies, and epigrams in obscure and unfamiliar language. His poems were much valued by the Romans. Cornelius Gallus, in particular, thought very highly of them, and took him as his model in his own elegies.

Euphranor. A Greek artist, born at Corinth about 360 b.c. He was equally distinguished as a painter, and as a sculptor in bronze and marble. He also wrote a treatise on symmetry and form. Among his statues one of the most celebrated was the Paris, in which it was easy to recognise the threefold character : the judge of divine beauty, the lover of Helen, and the slayer of Achilles. In his paintings, if we may believe the ancients, he was the first who gave true expression to the grandeur and dignity of divine and heroic form. [Pliny, N. H. xxxiv 27. xxxv 128.]

Euphrdsyne. (See charites.)

Eup61is. Eupolis is coupled with Aris­tophanes as a chief representative of thft Old Attic Comedy. He was born about 446 b.c., and died before the end of the Pelponnesian War. He made his first ap­pearance as a dramatist in his seventeenth year, and carried off the prize seven times. According to a badly attested story, he was drowned in the sea by Alcibiades in revenge for his treatment of him in one of his plays. We still have the titles, and some frag­ments, of fifteen of his pieces. He was at first on terms of intimate friendship with his contemporary Aristophanes, but an estrange­ment afterwards set in, and the two poets attacked each other with great bitterness. Eupolis is praised by the ancients for the splendour of his imagination, the coherence with which his plots are developed, the high quality of his patriotism, the grace and majesty of his language, and tie telling character of his wit. The fragments that remain show great mastery of form. Like Aristophanes, he made an attempt to stem the current of moral degeneracy setting in at his time.

Eupompus. A Greek painter, native of Sicyon, who flourished about 400 b.c. He was the founder of the Sicyonian school of painting, which laid great emphasis on pro­fessional knowledge. [Pliny, N. H. xxxv 75.]

Euripides. The third of the three great Attic tragedians. He was born in the island of Salamis. in 480 b.c., on the very

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