The Ancient Library

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On this page: Emptio – Encaustike – Enceladus – Encomion – Endeis – Endeixis – Endromis – Endymion – Ennius



and water, and two opposing forces, Love which. binds and attracts, and Hate which separates and repels. The formation of the world began when the elements, held to­gether by Love, and separated by Hate, again tended to union under the influence of Love. The manifold minglings and separations of the elements originated the different species, that of man included. Our perceptions arise from the particles which are thrown off by things, and stream in upon us through special pores or passages. As in our persons all the fundamental elements are united, we are enabled by their means to recognise what is homo­geneous outside us. Our ideas are not pure, but compounded of the particles which pour in upon us and go out from us. The system of Empedooles often agreed with that of PythagSras. Both adopted the theory of transmigration, and the moral and ascetic doctrines connected with it. The propitia­tory hymns above mentioned may well have been in harmony with these ideas.

Emptlo. See bonordm emptio.

Encanstlke. The art of painting by burning in the colours. (See painting.)

Enc61adus. (See giants.)

Encoml&n (Greek). Originally the song sung by the chorus at the kOm6s or festal procession held at the great national games in honour of the victor, either on the day of his victory, or on its anniversary. The word came afterwards to denote any song written in celebration of distinguished persons, and in later times any spoken or written panegyric whatever.

Endels. Daughter of Chiron and the Naiad Chariclo. wife of jEacus, mother of Peleus and T61am6n.

Endeixis. A term in Athenian juris­prudence, denoting a prosecution in no­torious cases, as, for instance, against the Prytanes, if they refused to put a question to the vote in the great assembly. It was especially employed against persons who, although lying under ailmia, presumed to claim a share in civic rights, as (particu­larly) by instituting prosecutions, or ap­pearing, speaking, and voting in the assem­bly [Aristotle, Const, of Athens, 29, 52, 63].

Endromls (Greek). (1) A boot of leather or felt, rising as far as the calf or above it, and fitting close to the foot. In front it was open and fastened with straps. It was specially adapted for journeys or hunt­ing, and consequently appears oiten in representations of Artemis and of the. trinfes. Runners in races too, often wore

it. (See eledsinia, fig. 1, and erinys.) (2) A thick woollen rug (mentioned by Martial and Juvenal, iii 102).

Endymlon. In Greek mythology, the beautiful son of Aethllfis (or, according to another story, Zeus and Calyce), daughter of jEalus, king of Elis, father of Epeus, jEtolus, and Paeon, the first of whom won the government of the country by conquer­ing in a race which his father had set on foot. He was loved by Selene, the goddess of the moon, by whom he had fifty daughters. They were supposed to symbolize the fifty lunar months which intervened between the Olympic games. His grave was at Olympia. Another story made him a shep­herd or hunter on Mount Latm5s in Caria. Zeus bestowed on him eternal youth and eternal life in the form of unbroken slumber. Selene descended every night from heaven to visit and embrace the beautiful sleeper in his grotto.

Ennlns (Quintus). The founder of the Hellenized type of Latin poetry. He was born 239 b.c. at Rudise in Calabria, and was by descent a Grsecised Messapian. He was probably educated at Tarentum, and served with the Romans in the Second Punic War in Sardinia, whence Cato took him to Rome in 204 b.c. His poetical talent here came to his aid, not in a pecuniary way (for he was in slender cir­cumstances to the end of his life), but as an introduction to the favour of the great men. Among these must be mentioned the Scipios, and Fulvius Nobtlior, who took him in his retinue to the .35tolian war in b.c. 189, and whose son procured him the citizen­ship five years later (184). A gouty affec­tion did not prevent him from continuing his literary work to an advanced age. He was in his sixty-seventh year when he finished his AnnOlSs, and he put a tragedy on the stage shortly before his death. He died in 170 b.c., in his seventieth year. It was said that the Scipios placed his image in their family vault.

Ennius wrote poetry with success in a great number of styles. But in his own opinion, as well as in that of his fellow-citizens, his greatest work was his Annales in eighteen books. This was a chrono­logical narrative of Roman history in verse. Like Naevius' Bellum Poemcum, it began with the destruction of Troy, and came down to the poet's own times. In this-poem Ennius created for the Romans their first national epic, the fame of which was only eclipsed by Vergil. But he did

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All non-public domain material, including introductions, markup, and OCR © 2005 Tim Spalding.