The Ancient Library

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On this page: Cydippe – Cymbium – Cynics – Cynophontis – Cyprianus – Cyrene – Cyzicus – Daedala



honours by his father-in-law Ceyx, but Apollo destroyed the tomb by an inunda­tion of the river Anaurus. There was a son of Ares and Pyrene who bore the same name, and he too was said to have fallen in combat against Heracles. Ares attempted to avenge his son, when Zeus, by a flash of lightning, separated his angry children. After his death, said the story, Cycnus was changed by his father into a swan.

(2) The son of Poseidon and Calyce. He was exposed by his mother on the sea-shore and found by some fishermen, who named him Cycnus because they saw a swan flying round him. He was invulnerable, and of gigantic strength and stature; his head (or, according to another account, his whole body) was as white as snow. He became king of CSlonse in the Troad, and was twice married. A slanderous utterance of his second wife stung him to fury against the children of his first wife, whom he threw into the sea in a chest. They were cast up alive on the island of TSnSdSs, where Tenes was king. At a later time Cycnus repented of his deed, sought for his son, and marched with him to the aid of the Trojans against the Greeks. They pre­vented the Greeks from landing; but both were at last slain by Achilles, who stran­gled the invulnerable Cycnus with his own helmet strap. He was changed by Poseidon into a swan.

Cydippe (Kydippf). The heroine of a very popular Greek love-story, which was treated by Calltmachus in a poem now un­fortunately lost. The later Greek prose romances were founded upon this version. Cydippe was the daughter of a well-born Athenian. It happened that she and Acontlus, a youth from the island of Cfios, who was in love with her, had come at the same time to a festival of Artemis at Delos.

Cydippe was sitting in the temple of Arte­mis, when Acontius threw at her feet an apple, on which was written, " I swear by the sanctuary of Artemis that I will wed Acontius." Cydippe took up the apple and read the words aloud, then threw it from her, and took no notice of Acontius and his addresses. After this her father wished on several occasions to give her in marriage, but she always fell ill before the wedding. The father consulted the Delphic oracle, which revealed to him that the illness of his daughter was due to the wrath of Arte­mis, by whose shrine she had sworn and broken her oath. He accordingly gave her to Acontius to wife.

Cymblum (KynMon). See vessels.

Cynics. See antisthenes.

CynSphontls (KynOphontls). See linjjs.

Cyprianus. (1) Thascus Cceclllus. A Latin ecclesiastical writer, born in Africa at the beginning of the 3rd century, of a respectable pagan family. Originally a teacher of rhetoric, he was converted and made Bishop of Carthage in 248 a.d. He was beheaded during the persecution under Valerian, in 257. In his numerous writ­ings and exhortations he not only imitates Tertullian (whom he acknowledges as his master), but makes great use of his works. Besides these we have a large collection of his letters addressed to individuals and to churches.

[(2) Cyprian of Toulon. A bishop of Toulon, who lived during the last quarter of the 5th and first half of the 6th cen­turies A.D. He was in all probability the author of a metrical Latin Heptateuch, edited piecemeal by Morel, Martene, and Pitra ; critically reviewed by J. E. B. Mayor, Cambridge, 1889.]

Cyrene (Kyrlne). Sec

CJiIcm (KyzlkOn). See argonauts.

Dxdala (" wooden images "). A peculiar festival held by the Boeotians in honour of Hera. The goddess had, according to the story, once quarrelled with Zeus, and hidden herself on Mount Clthaeron. Her husband then spread the report that he was going to marry another wife, and had an image of oak-wood decked out in bridal attire and carried over Cithaeron on a chariot with a numerous train amid the singing of mar­riage hymns. Hera, in her jealousy, threw herself upon her supposed rival, but, on dis-

covering the trick, reconciled herself with laughter to Zeus, took her seat on the chariot, and founded the festival in memory of the incident. The feast was celebrated every seven years by the Platseans alone, and called the little Daedala. But every sixtieth year all the cities of the Boeotian federation kept it as the great Dsedala. At the little Dsedala, guided by the note of a bird, they fixed on a tree in a grove of oaks, and cut a figure out of it, which they dressed in bridal attire and took, as in

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