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saucer. This of course greatly increased the difficulty of the game.
There was another form of the game in which the point was to make the wine hit the saucer while swimming in a large vessel of water, and sink it. The game was played in a round chamber made for the purpose. The form of the room was circular, to give every player an equal chance of hitting the mark, which was placed in the centre. The victor generally received a prize agreed upon beforehand. The players also used the game to discover
Cdtjfs (Gr. KStyttO). A Thracian goddess, originally, it would seem, connected with Bhea Cybele. Her worship was diffused over Greece and Italy, and was especially popular in Athens and Corinth. The licentious orgies associated with it, called Cotyttta, gave it a bad name.
Crater. See vessels.
Crates (KrSUs). (1) A Greek comedian, who lived at Athens about 470 b.c. He was regarded as the founder of the Attic Comedy in the proper sense of the term, as his pieces were not, like those of his pre-
* COTTABUS. (Vase from Corneto; XnnoK d Iu«t. 1870 tar. M.)
their chances of success in love. They uttered the name of their beloved while throwing the wine. A successful throw gave a good omen, an unsuccessful one a bad omen. A good player leaned upon his left elbow, remained quite quiet, and only used his right hand to throw with. The game came originally from Sicily, but became popular through the whole of Greece, and specially at Athens, where to play well was a mark of good breeding. It did not go out of fashion till the 4th century after Christ. [The cut represents one of the several methods of playing the game.]
decessors, mere lampoons on individuals, but presented subjects of a more general character. Only a few fragments of his plays have come down to us.
(2) Crates of MallOs in Cilicia. A Greek scholar, and adherent of the Stoic philosophy. He founded a school of interpretation at PergamSn. His principles were in direct opposition to those of Aristarchus ; not only did he take an essentially different view of the Homeric text, but he favoured the allegorical method of exposition, to which the Stoics were so partial, and which was so disliked by the school of Aristarchus.