The Ancient Library

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On this page: Cornicen – Cornificius – Cornutus – Corollarium – Corona



the obscure and learned style of the Alex­andrian poet EuphSrion. His poems are lost, but a collection of erotic myths made for his use by the Greek Parthenios has survived. [A few lines in Vergil's tenth Eclogue were borrowed from Gallus.]

Cornlcen. A horn-blower in the Roman army, who gave the signal for attack, on an ox or bison-horn (cornu) set in silver.

Corniflcins. The supposed author of an anonymous treatise on rhetoric in four books, dedicated to a certain Herennius (Jthetorlca ad HSremitum.) This is the oldest Latin treatise of the sort that we possess. It was written in the time of Sulla, about 85 b.c., by a partisan of the Marian faction, who, though not a professed rhetorician, was an educated man, as is shown by his accom­plishments and his correct style. Though

philosophical works one remains, an essay on the Nature of the Gods, written in Greek. This is perhaps only an extract from a larger work. Cassiodorus (q. v.) has pre-i served part of a grammatical treatise by Cornutus, entitled De Orthographm ("On Orthography ").

Cfirollarlnm (Latin). A present consist­ing of a garland of gold or silver leaves, given to successful actors and performers in addition to other honoraria. It thus became a term for any free gift whatever.

C6rona (Latin). A crown ; among the Romans the highest distinction awarded for service in war. The most coveted were the corona triuniphcitis (fig. 1) or laurel crown of a general in triumph ; and the corona obsidtonatts (fig. 2), presented to a general by the army which he had saved

(1) Corona triompbalia.

(2) Corona obsidionalis.

(4) Corona mnralifl.

(6) C,

(5) Corona vallarig.

he followed Greek models, he endeavours to treat his subject from a Roman or national point of view, and therefore gives Latin equivalents for the Greek technical terms. His examples, too, he takes from older Roman writings, or makes them himself. Cicero, who passed for the author in late antiquity, used the same Greek original in his De Inventions.

Comuttis (Lucius A native of Leptis, in Africa. A professor of the Stoic philosophy, who lived in Rome in the middle of the 1st century a.d. He was a friend of the poets Lucan and Persius, especially of the latter, whose posthumous satires he pre­pared for publication. He was banished by Nero, in A.D. 68, for his uprightness and courage. He was the author of works on rhetoric, grammar and philosophy. Of his

from a siege, or from a shameful capitula­tion. This was woven of grass growing on the spot, and called corona graminSa. The coi'ona myrt£(t, or ovalls, was the crown of bay worn by the general who celebrated the lesser triumph (ovatto).

The corona clvica (fig. 3) was of oak leaves, and was awarded for saving a citizen's life in battle. This secured for its possessor certain privileges, as freedom from taxes for himself, his father and paternal grand­father. The golden corona mttralis (fig. 4), with embattled ornaments, was given for the storming of a wall; the corona cas-trensis or vallaris (fig. 5), also of gold, and ornamented in imitation of palisades, to the soldier who first climbed the wall of an enemy's camp; the corona navalis (fig. 6), with ornaments representing the beak of a

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All non-public domain material, including introductions, markup, and OCR © 2005 Tim Spalding.