The Ancient Library

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On this page: Contumacia – Conubium – Convivium – Cooptatio – Cordax – Core – Corinna – Corippus – Cornelius



of the same household. (3) The marriage between free persons and slaves, which was not considered legal.

Conttlmacla. The Latin term for dis­obedience to the commands of a magistrate or judge, especially absence from a trial without sufficient excuse. If the accuser were absent, he was considered as dropping his charge (see tergiversatio), which he was not allowed to renew. The absence of the accused was taken as an admission of guilt. In a civil trial the consequence was immediate condemnation; and the like was the case in criminal trials if the accused failed to appear at the appointed time, or on the last day of the trial. If the accused saw that his condemnation was cer­tain, it was quite common for him to retire, and in capital cases to go into voluntary exile; a proceeding which in no way influ­enced the further course of the proceedings.

Conublum (Latin). The contracting of a matrimfintum iustum, or valid marriage, with all its legal consequences. As such a marriage could only take place between persons of equal status, the Patricians and Plebeians had each for a long time a separate conubium, until 445 b.c., when the two orders were equalised in this respect.

Couvlvlum. See meals.

Cooptatlo (Latin). The election of a new member by the members of a corporation to supply a vacant place. Among corpora­tions which filled their vacancies in this way may be mentioned the college of Pontiflces and Augurs. The election was preceded by the nomination of a proper candidate by one of the members, and fol­lowed by his inauguration.

Cordaz (Kordaa:). The licentious dance of the ancient Greek comedy. To perform it off the stage was regarded as a sign of intoxication or profligacy.

C6re (KSre). See persephone.

Cflrinna (KSrinna). A Greek lyric poetess, born at Tanagra in Bceotia, and surnamed Myia, or " the Ply." She flour­ished about 510 B.C. She was the instructress of Pindar, and is said to have beaten him five times in musical contests. Only a few fragments of her poems, of which there were five books, remain. They were written in the Boaotian dialect, and treated subjects of local mythology, as, for instance, the tale of the " Seven against Thebes."

Corippus (Fl&iAm CrescSnlw). An African scholar, who in the second half of the 6th century a.d. composed two historical epics, one in seven books, in

celebration of the Libyan war of Johannes Patrlcius (Rhamns, sivg de bcllls Llbycls), and the other on the exploits of Justinus (565-578), in four books (De LaucKbus lustlni). The last is in the worst manner of Byzantine flattery, but is written in a flowing style and in imitation of good ' models, such as Vergil and Claudian.

Cornelius. (1) Cornelius Nepos. A Roman historian, a native of Upper Italy, who lived between 94 and 24 b.c. He was a contemporary of Cicero, Atticus, and Catul­lus, with whom he lived in friendly inter­course at Rome. The most comprehensive of his many writings was a collection of biographies of celebrated men (Dc Vlrls Illustribus) in at least sixteen books. This was dedicated to Atticus, and must there­fore have been published before b.c. 32, the year of his death. The biographies were arranged in departments, and in each depart­ment the Greek and Roman celebrities were treated separately. Thus the still surviving book upon distinguished foreign generals (De Excellentlbus Ducibus Exterdrum Gen-Hum) is followed by one on Roman generals, while a book devoted to the Greek histo­rians had one on the Roman historians cor­responding to it, from which the lives of the elder Cato and of Atticus are preserved. The lives of celebrated generals were in former times (in consequence of an ancient error in the MSS.) erroneously ascribed to a certain .ffimilius Probus of the 4th century a.d. Nepos' manner is easy and pleasant, but suffers from many weaknesses of matter and form. A superficial use of his authori­ties has led him into many errors, and the style is not seldom careless and incorrect.

(2) Gains Cornelius Gallus. A Latin poet, born 69 B.C. in the Gaulish town of Fdrum lulli. Though of low birth, he was promoted by Octavian to the ordo equcster in the year 30 b.c., and made governor (prcefec-tus) of the new province of Egypt, in con­sideration of his great services in the war against Antonius. Through his cruelty and presumption he drew upon himself the dis­pleasure of his former patron ; in conse­quence of which he committed suicide in 26 b.c. He was one of the oldest friends of Vergil, who dedicated to him his tenth Eclogue, as well as an episode at the end of the fourth Georgic, which he, after Gallus' fall, suppressed at the wish of Augustus. The Romans regarded him as the founder of the Latin elegy. He wrote four books of elegies to his mistress, the actress Cytheris (or LJcoris, as he called her). They are in

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