The Ancient Library

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On this page: Cicincius Alimentus – Cinctus Gabinus – Cinyras – Cicer – Circus



on the line to be taken in canvassing for the consulship.

Cinclus Allmentns. See annalists.

Cinctus Gablnus. See toga.

Cinyras (Klnyras}. Supposed, in the Greek mythology, to have been king of Cyprus, the oldest priest of Aphrfidite in Paphos, the founder of that city, and the ancestor of the priestly family of the Ciny-radce. His wealth and long life, bestowed upon him by Aphrodite, were proverbial; and from Apollo, who was said to be his father, he received the gift of song. He was accounted the founder of the ancient hymns sung at the services of the Paphian Aphrodite and of Adonis. Consequently he was reckoned among the oldest singers and musicians, his name, indeed, being Phoenician, derived from kinnor, a harp. The story added that he was the father of Adonis by his own daughter Myrrlia, and that, when made aware of the sin, he tock away his own life.

Cippns. The Latin name for a sepulchral monument. The form of the cippus was sometimes that of a pedestal with several divisions, supporting an upright cone, either

was a recreation ground laid out by king Tarqulnlus Priscus in the valley between the Palatine and Aventine hills, south of the Capitol. Its centre was marked by the altar of Consus. A second circus, called the Circus Flamtntus, was built by the censor C. Flaminius on the Campus Martius in 220 B.C. Several more were built during the imperial period, some of which can still be recognised in their ruined state. Such


(Olten : Ann. d'lntt. 1860 tav. E, 4.)

pointed at the end, or entirely cylindrical; sometimes that of a cube with several pro­jections on its surface. (See cut here, and also under sionum.)

Circe (Kirlce) (a figure in Greek mytho­logy). A celebrated magician, daughter of the Sun (HeliOs) and the Ocean nymph Perseis, sister of ^Eetes and Pasiphae. She dwelt on the island of JEsia. For her meet­ing with Odysseus and the son she bore him, TelegSnus, see odysseus.

Circus, Games of (Ludl Circenses). The name of Circus was given at Rome par excellence to the Circus Maximus. This

A, Carcerea B B, Meta.


(On the Via Appia, near Rome.)

is the Circus of Maxentius, erroneously called Circo di Caracalla (fig. 1). Similar racecourses existed in many other cities of the empire, e.g., that still remaining amid the ruins of the town of Bovillaa. The length of the Circus Maximus, as enlarged by Caesar, was some 1,800 feet, its breadth some 350. The seats, which rose in a series of terraces, rested on a substructure consisting of three stories of arched vaults. The lower seats were of stone, the upper of wood. Round the out­side of the circus ran a building, containing booths and seats, as well as the entrances

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