The Ancient Library

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On this page: Charybdis – Cheiromantia – Cheirotonia – Chelidonis – Chiliarchus – Chimaera – Chione – Chiron – Chiton




(Bas-relief fromMiiller's Denkm. 1. taf. xxix.)

The coin was put into the mouth of the dead for this purpose. (See future life.)

(2) A Greek historian. (See logographi.)

Charybdis. See scylla.

Cheiromantla. See mantike.

CheirotSnla. A show of hands. The usual method of voting in Greek popular assemblies, whether at political meetings or elections. In elections, the cheirotonia was contrasted with the drawing of lots, which was usual since the time of Cleis-thenes in the case of many offices.

Chellddnis. See aedon.

Chlliarchus. The leader of a division of 1,000 men. (See phalanx.)

Chlmsera. A fire-breathing monster of Lycia, destroyed by Bellerophon. Accord­ing to Homer the Chimsera was of divine origin. In front it was a lion, behind it was a serpent, and in the middle a goat, and was brought up by Amisodarus as a plague for many men. Hesiod calls her the daughter of Typhaon and Echidna, and by OrthSs the mother of the Sphinx and the Nemean lion. He describes her as large, swift-footed, strong, with the heads of a lion, and goat, and a serpent. In numerous works of art, as in statues, and the coins of Corinth, Sicj'on, and other cities, the Chi-msera is generally represented as a lion, with a goat's head in the middle of its back, and tail ending in a snake's head. The bronze Chimsera of Arretium, now in Flor­ence, is a very celebrated work of art. Even in antiquity the Chimsera was re­garded as a symbol of the volcanic character of the Lycian soil.

ChWne. (1) Daughter of BSreas and Oreithyia, mother of Eumolpus by Posei­don. (See eumolpus.)

(2) Daughter of Deedallon, mother of Philammon by Apollo, and of Autdlycus by Hermes. She was slain by Artemis for venturing to compare her own beauty with that of the goddess. (See d^edalion.)

Chiron. A Centaur, son of Cronus and the Ocean nymph Philyra. By the Naiad nymph Chariclo he was father of Endei's, wife of ^Eacus, the mother of Peleus and Telamon, and grandmother of Achilles and Ajax. He ! is represented in the fable as wise and just, while the other Centaurs are wild and un­civilized. He is the master and instructor of the most celebrated heroes of Greek story, as Actseon, Jason, Castor, Polydeuces, j Achilles, and Asclepius, to whom he teaches the art of healing. Driven by the Laplthaj from his former dwelling-place, a cave at the top of PelI5n, he took up his abode on

the promontory of Malea in Laconia. Here he was wounded accidentally with a poisoned arrow by his friend Heracles, who was pursuing the flying Centaurs (see pholus). To escape from the dreadful pain of the wound, he renounced his immortality in favour of Prometheus, and was set by Zeus among the stars as the constellation Archer. Chiton. The undershirt worn by the Greeks, corresponding to the Roman tunica. Two kinds were commonly distinguished, the short Doric chiton of wool (fig. 1) and


(Bronze statuette from Hercu-laneura, in Naples Museum.)

the long Ionic tunic of linen, which was worn at Athens down to the time of Pericles. The chiton consisted of an ob­long piece of cloth, wrapped round the body. One arm was passed through a hole in the closed side, while the two corners were joined together by a clasp on the shoulder. The garment, which thus hung down open on one side, was fastened to­gether at both corners, or sometimes sewn together below the hips. At the waist it was confined by a belt. In course of time short sleeves were added to the arm-holes. Sleeves reaching to the wrist were by the Greeks regarded as effeminate; but they were worn by the Phrygians and Medians, and often appear on monuments as part of the dress of Orientals. The chiton worn on both shoulders was distinctive of free

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All non-public domain material, including introductions, markup, and OCR © 2005 Tim Spalding.