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On this page: Candidatus – Caneon – Canephori – Cantharus – Canticum – Capaneus – Capelium – Capella – Caper – Capite Censi – Capitolinus

114

CANDIDATUS——CAPITOLINUS.

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LAMPADARIA OP BBONZE. (See p. 113.)

(Naples Museum.)

(1) from Gargiulo's Raccolta, tav. 63. (2) and (3) Xuir.o Borkmico, VIII xni, and II ziii.

Candidates. The Latin term for a com­petitor for a public office. He was so called from the peculiar dress in which he usually showed himself to the people in the Forum. This was the tdga Candida, a uew toga whitened with chalk. No one could appear as a candidatus unless his name had been given in to, and accepted by, the authorities presiding over the election.

Can68n (Gr. KanSon). See vessels.

CanephSri (Qr.KdnephOroi')," basket-bear­ers." The title of certain maidens belong­ing to the first families at Athens, whose duty it was to carry baskets containing consecrated furniture, on their heads, at the solemn processions, particularly at the Panathensea. The graceful attitude made

', VIII j

the figure of a c.anephoros a favourite one with sculptors. Such figures were often employed by architects as supports for the entablatures of temples. The Erechtheum on the Acropolis at Athens is an example. (See caryatides.)

Cantharus. See vessels.

Cantlcum. A technical term of the Roman stage. In the narrower sense, it denoted a melody or air composed in chang­ing rhythms, the text to which was sung behind the stage to the accompaniment of a flute, while the actor expressed the mean­ing by pantomime. In Cicero's time, how­ever, the cantica were sometimes performed by the actors. In a wider sense, the word might mean any part in a play which was

not simply recited, but sung or performed in melodrama with musical accompaniments.

Capaneus (Gr. Kilpdneus). One of the Seven against Thebes who was struck by lightning during the assault upon the city. He was climbing the wall, and was boasting that not even the lightning of Zeus would scare him away. During the burn­ing of his body on the funeral pyre, his wife Evadne threw herself into the

* CANDELABRUM OF MARBLE.

(Naples Museum.) Prom Gargiulo's Raccolta, tav. 40.

flames. His son was Sthenelus, the chario­teer of Diomedes.

Capellnm (Gr. KSpeleidn). See inns.

Capella. See martianus capella.

Caper (Flavins). A Latin scholar of some note, who flourished in the 2nd century A.D., and whose writings were frequently used and quoted by the later grammarians. Only two small treatises bearing his name have come down to us, the De Ortho-grdpMa (" On Orthography ") and De Ver-bis Dubils (" On Irregular Words "); but these are only meagre extracts from the original works.

Caplte censi. See proletarii.

Capltolinus (luliut). See historic au­gusts scriptores.

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