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On this page: Ascanius – Asclepiades – Asclepiodotus – Asclepius

75

ASCANIUS——ASCLEPIUS.

names of its parts are: deunx ^, dex-tans |, dodrans £, bes }, septunx TV, semz's |, •quincunx T'T, *n'e?is |, quadrans i, sextans |, sescuncia |, wnct'a T!j. In ques­tions of inheritance, a sole heir was entitled TieriJs e;e osse, an heir to half the estate, here* ex semisse, and so on. As a coin, the copper as weighed a Roman pound (nominally 12, but practically only 10 uncia), and was worth, previously to b.c. 269, nearly Gd. In the year 217 it was reduced to 1 unciat and in later times to ^ and j uncia. In Cicero's time the as was = rather less than a halfpenny. Comp. coinage.

Aecanlus. The son of JSneas and Creusa. According to the ordinary account, he ac­companied his father to Italy, and, thirty years after the building of Lavlnium, founded Alba Longa, where, after his death, his stepbrother Silvius reigned. To him, by his name of lulus, the gens lulia traced its origin.

Ascleplades. A Greek poet, a native of Samos, and a younger contemporary of Theocritus. He was the author of thirty-nine Epigrams, mostly erotic, in the Greek Anthology. The wefl-known Asclepiadean Metre was perhaps named after him.

AsclepIddStus. A Greek writer, pupil of the Stoic Pfisidonius of Ehodes (who died b.c. 51). On the basis of his lectures Asclepiodotus seems to have written the military treatise preserved under his name on the Macedonian military system.

Ascleplus (Lat. jEscMlapius). The Greek god of Medicine, according to the common account a son of the healing god Apollo by Coronis, daughter of a Thessalian prince Phlegyas. Coronis was killed by Artgmis for unfaithfulness, and her body was about to be burnt on the pyre, when Apollo snatched the boy out of the flames, and handed him over to the wise centaur Chiron, who instructed him in the cure of all diseases. According to the local legend of Epidaurus, Coronis, having ac­companied her father on a campaign to the Peloponnesus, is secretly delivered of the child, and exposes it on a mountain near that town, where it is nourished by a herd of goats. Such was the skill of Asclepius that he brought even dead men to life; so that Zeus, either for fear of his setting men altogether free from death, or at the complaint of Hades, killed him with his thunderbolt. Apollo in revenge slew all the CyclopSs who forged the thunderbolts, as a punishment for which he had to serve Admetus for a time. In

Homer and Pindar, Asclepius is still but a hero, a cunning leech, and father of two heroes fighting before Troy, MSchaon and POdaleirius. But he was afterwards uni­versally worshipped as the god of healing, in groves, beside medicinal springs, and on mountains. The seats of his worship served also as places of cure, where patients left thank-offerings and votive tablets describ­ing their complaint and the manner of its cure. Often the cure was effected by the

ASCLEPIUS.

(Paris, Louvre.)

dreams of the patients, who were required to sleep in the sacred building, in which there sometimes stood, as might be ex­pected, a statue of Sleep or Dreaming. His worship extended all over Greece with its islands and colonies; his temples were especially numerous in the Peloponnesus, the most famous being that of Epidaurus, where a great festival with processions and combats was held in his honour every five years. Next in estimation stood the temple

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