The Ancient Library

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On this page: Antigonus – Antigrapheus – Anticleia – Antilochus – Antimachus – Antinous – Antiope



Creon'a vengeance, Hsemon kills both Anti­gone and himself.

(2) Antigone, daughter of Eurytlon and wife of Peleus (q.v.), hanged herself for grief at the supposed infidelity of her husband.

Antigdnus. A Greek writer of Carystus, about 240 B.C., author of a collection of all kinds of curiosities and fictions in natural history. The work is now extant only in a much abbreviated form, and is of no value but for its numerous quotations and fragments from lost writings.

Antigrapheus. The name of a financial officer at Athens. See grammateus.

Anticleia. Daughter of Autolycus, wife of Laertes, and mother of Odysseus (q.v.).

Antllochus. The son of Nestor, who accompanied his father to the Trojan War, and was distinguished among the younger heroes for beauty and bravery. Homer calls him a favourite of Zeus and Poseidon. The dearest friend of Achilles next to Patroclus, he is chosen by the Greeks to break the news to him of his beloved com­panion's fall. When Memnon attacks the aged Nestor, Antilochus throws himself in his way, and buys his father's safety with his life. He, like Patroclus, is avenged by Achilles, in whose grave-mound the ashes of both friends are laid; even in the lower world Odysseus beholds the three pacing the asphodel meadow, and in after times the inhabitants of Ilium offered to them jointly the sacrifices due to the dead on the foreland of Sigeum.

Antlmachus. A Greek poet and critic of CSlophon, an elder contemporary of Plato, about 400 b.c. By his two princi­pal works—the long mythical epic called Thebffis and a cycle of elegies named after his loved and lost Lyde, and telling of famous lovers parted by death—he became the founder of learned poetry, precursor and prototype of the Alexandrians, who, on account of his learning, assigned him the next place to Homer amongst epic poets. In striving to impart strength and dignity to language by avoiding all that was com­mon, his style became rigid and artificial, and naturally ran into bombast. But we possess only fragments of his works. As a scholar, he is remarkable for having set on foot a critical revision of the Homeric poems.

Antlndiis. A beautiful youth of Claudio-p5lis in Bithynia, a favourite and travelling companion of the emperor Hadrian. He drowned himself in the Nile, probably from !

melancholy. The emperor honoured his memory by placing him among the heroes, erecting statues and temples, and founding yearly games in his honour, while the artists of every province vied in pourtray-ing him under various forms, human, heroic, and divine; t.g. as Dionysus, Hermes, Apollo. Among the features common to the many surviving portraitures of An-tinous are the full locks falling low down the forehead, the large, melancholy eyes, the full mouth, and the broad, swelling breast. Some of these portraits are among the finest works of ancient art, for instance, the colossal statue in the Vatican, and the half-length relief at the Villa Albani. (See cut.) There is also a fine bust in the Louvre.


AntI6pe. (1) In Homer a daughter of the Boeotian river-god Asopus, mother by Zeus of Amphlou and Zethus. In later legend her father is Nycteus of Hyria or Hysise. As he threatens to punish her for yielding to the approaches of Zeus under the form of a satyr, she flees to Epopeus of Slcyon. This king her uncle Lycus kills by order of his brother Nycteus, now dead, and leads her back in chains. Ar­rived on Mount Cithseron, she gives birth to twins, Amphion by Zeus, Zethus by Epopeus, whom Lycus leaves exposed upon the moun­tain. After being long imprisoned and ill-treated by Dirce, the wife of Lycus, she escapes to Cithseron, and makes acquaintance with her sons, whom a shepherd has brought up. She makes them take a frightful ven­geance upon Dirce (see amphion), for doing

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