The Ancient Library

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On this page: Aedituus – Aedon – Aeetes – Aegenus – Aegiale – Aegialeus – Aegina – Aeginetan Sculptures



vision of festivities at the feria; Latino1. and at games given by private men. The cost of the games given by themselves they defrayed partly out of a sum set apart by the State, but utterly inadequate to the large demands of later times ; partly out of the proceeds of fines which were also spent on public buildings, and partly out of their own resources. Thus the sedileship became an expensive luxury, and its enjoyment less and less accessible to men of moderate means. Ambitious men often spent in­credible sums in getting up games, to win the people's favour with a view to higher honours, though the aedileship was not necessary as a stepping-stone to these. In Cicero's time the legal age for the curule aedileship was thirty-seven. From b.c. 366 their number was unchanged, till Csesar in B.C. 44 added two more, the Plebeian ^Kitten Ci'riales, to whom alone the cura annonie and the management of the ludi Ccriales were entrusted. Under the Empire the office of sedile lost much in importance by some of its functions being handed over to separate officers, especially by the transference of its jurisdiction and its control of games to the praetors; and it fell into such contempt, that even Augustus had to make a tenure of it, or the tribune-ship, a condition of eligibility to the praetorship; and succeeding emperors often had to fill it by compulsion. In the 3rd century a.d. it seems to have died out alto­gether.

JEdltuus or JEdltumus. The overseer of a temple that had no priest of its own (see priests) ; also a major-domo. (Sec slaves.)

Aedon. Daughter of Pandareos, wife of the Theban king Zethus, and mother of Itylus. Envious at her sister-in-law, Niobe, having six sons, she tries to kill the eldest, but by mistake kills her own. She is changed by Zeus into a nightingale, and for ever bewails her son. Later legend makes her the wife of an artificer Polytechnus at Colophon in Lydia ; she stirs the anger of Hera by boasting that she lives more happily with her husband than the goddess with Zeus. Hera sends Eris ( ~ strife) to set on foot a wager between husband and wife, that whichever finishes first the piece of work they have in hand (he a chair, she a gar­ment) shall make the other a present of a slave-girl. By Hera's help Aedon wins, and Polyteclmus in vexation fetches her sister, Chelidonis, on a false pretext, from her father's house, and having reduced her : to submission on the way, and bound her

to secrecy on pain of death, presents her to his wife unrecognised as a slave. One day Aedon overheat's her sister lamenting her lot at a fountain, and concerts with her to slay Itylus, cook him, and set him before his father to eat. On learning the truth, Polytechnus pursues the sister to her home; but there the gods, to prevent more horrors, turn them all into birds, making Pandareos an osprey, his wife a kingfisher, Poly­technus a pelican, Chelidonis a swallow, and Aedon a nightingale. (Comp. peocne.)

vEetes. Son of Helios and the Ocean nymph Persei's, brother of Circe and Paslphae, king of JEa,, father of Medea and Absyrtus by the ocean nymph Idyia. (See argonauts and medea.)

jEgeus. Son of Pandlon (q.v. 2) and Pelia. Having with the help of his brothers Lycus, Pallas, and Nisus wrested Attica from the sons of his uncle Metion, who had driven out his father, he seized the sole sovereignty. Dethroned by his brother Pallas and his sous, he was rescued and restored by his son Theseus (q.v.). Having slain Androgeos, son of Minos (j.f.), he was conquered by that king, and compelled to send seven youths and seven maidens to Crete every nine years as victims to the Minotaur. When Theseus set out to free his country from this tribute, he agreed in case of success to exchange the black sail of his ship for a white; but he forgot to-do so, and Jigeus seeing the old sail on the returning vessel, gave up his son for lost, and thre\v himself into the sea, which is supposed to have been named after him the jEgean. He had a hcroon or shrine at Athens. Childless by his first two mar­riages, and ascribing the fact to the anger j of Aphrodite, he is said to have introduced j her worship into Athens. (For his son { Medus by Medea, see both.)

.ffigJale (Gr. jEylaleia). Daughter of Ad-rastus of Argos, wife of Diomedes (q.v.).

JEglaleus. Son of Adrastus of Argos, and one of the Eplgoni (q.v.), who fell before Thebes.

JEgina, a nymph, daughter of the river-god Asopus, and, by Zeus, mother of JE&cus (q.v.).

.ffiginetan Sculptures. The marble pedi­ments of Athena's temple at jEgina, dis­covered in 1811, restored by Thorwaldsen, and preserved in the Glyptothek at Munich. Their great value consists in the full light they throw on the condition of Greek art, especially of the ^Eginetan school, in B.C. 480. (Comp. Scuu'TUHE.) Both groups

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