The Ancient Library
 

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BRIEF OUTLINE

mental physiology, the greatest biologist since Aris­totle, whose work On Generation is a commentary on Aristotle in the Aristotelian spirit of return to nature. 17th century: Great revival of Hippocratic tradition:

Thomas Sydenham (1624-1689) "The English Hippo­crates ",

Herman Boerhaave (1668-1738).

i8th century: Partial eclipse of the ancients, through scientists' absorption in direct investigation of Nature; cf., e.g.,

C. Linnaeus (1707-1778),

Georges Cuvier (1769-1832).

Rediscovery of the significance of Hippocrates and of the Aristotelian biology, — a modern achievement:

R. T. H. Laennec (1781-1826), inventor of stetho­scope; valuable hints derived from Hippocratic writings;

Francis Adams (1796-1861); praise of Hippocratic surgical treatises;

Johannes Mtiller (1801-1858),

George H. Lewes (1817-1878),

William Ogle (1827-1912);

all derived direct inspiration from Aristotle's biological works, in spite of independent research work.

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