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BYZANTINE PERIOD. 573

Bussemaker, Groningen, 1835, 8vo, having previously appeared in Greek, together with some other books, in Mai's Classici Auctores e Vaticanis Codicibus editi, Rome, 1831, 8vo.

IV. aetius ('AeV/os),1 a Greek medical writer, born at Amida, in Meso­potamia, and who lived at the end of the fifth, or the beginning of the sixth century after Christ. His work, entitled Bi0\ia 'larpiKa 'E/c/ccu'Se/ca, " Sixteen Books on Medicine," is one of the most valuable medical re­mains of antiquity, as being a judicious compilation from many authors whose works are lost. The whole of it has never appeared in the original Greek. One half was published at Venice, from the Aldine press, 1534, fol.; the second volume never appeared. Different parts have been pub­lished at different times, of which we may mention, some chapters of the ninth book, in Greek and Latin, by Hebenstreit, Leipzig, 1757, 4to ; anoth­er chapter of the same book, in Greek and Latin, by Tengstrom, Abo, 1817, 4to ; and another extract from the same book, in the ^v\\oy^i 'eaatjz/ikwi/ aj/e/cSoVcw of Mustoxydes and Schinas, Venice, 1816, 8vo. There is a corrupt translation of the whole work into Latin, by Cornarius, Basle, 1542, often reprinted.

V. alexander TRALLiANus,2 one of the most eminent of the ancient physicians, was born at Tralles, in Lydia, whence he derived his surname. His date may be safely put in the sixth century after Christ. He was a man of extensive practice, of very great experience, and of distinguished reputation, not only at Rome, but wherever he travelled in Spain, Gaul, and Italy, whence he was called, by way of eminence, " Alexander the Physician." He is not a mere compiler, like Aetius, Oribasius, and oth­ers, but has more the air of an original writer. He was the author of two extant Greek works, 1. Bi/B\ia 'larpiKa Auo/ca/Se/ca, Libri Duodecim de Re Medico,; and, 2. Ilepl 'EA.juij/0a>j>, De Lumbricis. He seems to have writ­ten several other medical works, which are now lost.

The work De Re Medico, was first edited in Greek by Goupylus, Paris, 1548, fol., a beautiful and scarce edition. It was published in Greek, with a Latin translation, by J. Guinterus Andernacus, Basle, 1556, 8vo, which is a rare and valuable edition. The other extant work, De Lumbricis, was first published in Greek and Latin by Mercurialis, Venice, 1570, 4to. It is also inserted in his work De morbis puerorum, Frankfort, 1584, 8vo, and in the twelfth volume of the old edition of Fabricius' Bibliotheca Grceca.

VI. paulus JEoiNETA,3 a celebrated medical writer, of whose personal history nothing is known, except that he was born in the island of ^Egina, and that he travelled a good deal, visiting, among other places, Alexan-drea. He probably lived in the latter half of the seventh century after Christ. Suidas says he wrote several medical works, of which the prin­cipal one is still extant, with no exact title, but commonly called De Re Medico, Libri Septem. This work is chiefly a compilation from former writers. The sixth book is the most valuable and interesting, and con­tains, at the same time, the most original matter. His reputation among the Arabian writers seems to have been very great.

The Greek text has been twice published, Venice, 1528, and Basle, 1538. There is an excellent English translation by Adams, London, 1844-47, 3 vols. 8vo.

VII. theophilus protospatharius,* the author of several Greek medi- cal works, which are still extant, lived probably in the seventh century 1 Greenhill; SmiWs Diet. Biogr., s. v. 2 Id. ib. 3 Id. ib. * Id. ib.

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