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572 GREEK LITERATURE.
of the day, they laid claim to the name of Eclectics. We will give a brief account of the most remarkable among them, and principally of those whose works have come down to us.1
III. oribasius ('Opcifido-ios or 'Opipdo-ios^ was born about A.D. 325, either at Sardis, in Lydia, or at Pergamum, in Mysia. He early acquired a great professional reputation. Oribasius was an intimate friend of the Emperor Julian, with whom he became acquainted several years before his accession to the throne. He was almost the only person to whom Julian imparted the secret of his apostasy from Christianity. He was appointed by the emperor, soon after his accession, quaestor of Constantinople, and sent to Delphi to endeavor to restore the oracle of Apollo to its former splendor and authority; but in this mission he failed, as the only answer he brought back was that the oracle was no more. Oribasius accompanied Julian in his expedition against Persia, and was with him at the time of his death. The succeeding emperors, Valentinian and Valens, were not so favorably disposed toward him, but confiscated his property and banished him. It is probable, however, that his exile did not last long, and that it ended before the year 369. Of the personal character of Oribasius we know little or nothing, but it is clear that he was much attached to paganism and to the heathen philosophy. He was an intimate friend of Eunapius, who praises him very highly, and wrote an account of his life. We possess at present three works of Oribasius, which are generally considered to be genuine. The first of these is called 'Svvaywyal 'larpiKai, Collecta Medicinalia, or sometimes 'E^o^Kovrdfti^Xos, and is the work that was compiled at the command of Julian, when Oribasius was still a young man. It contains little original matter, but is very valuable on account of the numerous extracts from writers whose works are no longer extant. More than half of this work is now lost, and what remains is in some confusion, so that it is not easy to specify exactly how many books are at present actually in existence ; it is believed, however, that we possess twenty-five, with fragments of two others.
The second work of Oribasius that is still extant was written probably about thirty years after the above, of which it is an abridgment (2wo\l/is). It consists of nine books. This work has never been published in Greek, but was translated into Latin by Rasarius, and printed at Venice, 1554, 8vo. The third work of Oribasius is entitled Evirdpicrra, Euporista or De facile parabilibus, and consists of four books. Both this and the preceding work were intended as manuals of medicine.
There is no complete edition of the first of the above-mentioned works. The first fifteen books were first published in a Latin translation by Rasarius (together with the twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth), Venice, 8vo, without date, but before 1555. They were published in Greek and Latin by C. F. Matthaei, Moscow, 1808, 4to, but with the omission of all the extracts from Galen, Rufus Ephesius, and Dioscorides. This edition is very scarce. The first and second books had been previously published in Greek and Latin by Gruner, Jena, 1782, 4to. Books twenty-one and twenty-two were discovered in MS. by Dietz, about fifteen years ago, but have not yet been published either in Greek or Latin. Book forty-four was published in Greek and Latin, with copious notes, by
1 Scholl, 1. c. 2 Greenhill; Smith's Diet. Biogr., s. v.