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§70 GREEK LITERATURE.
TV TroXiopKiav wm&fffffa'Qai'), published (Greek) in the Vet. Mathemat. Gr. Opera. 4. nap€K&o\al e« t&v ffr parrjy ik&v iraparcU-ewj'. This treatise exists Only in MS. 5. 'E/c rwv tov "Hpoovos irepl r<av rrjs Te&fAfTpias Kal 5re-p€ofjL€Tpias ovondTcav, published (Greek and Latin) with the first book of Euclid by Dasypodius, Strasburg, 1671, 8vo. 6. Excerpta De Mensuris (Greek and Latin), in the Analecta Graeca of the Benedictines, vol. i., Paris, 1688, 4to. 7. Eisaywy)] rS>v yewperpovfjievaif, existing only in MS.
SEVENTH OR BYZANTINE PERIOD— continued. COMPILERS.
I. joannes stob^bus ('Iwdwns 6 2ropaios)1 derived his surname apparently from being a native of Stobi, in Macedonia. Of his personal history we know nothing. Even the age in which he lived can not be fixed with accuracy, but he must have been later than Hierocles, whom he quotes, and who flourished as a Neo-Platonist about the middle of the fifth century. Probably he did not live very long after him, as he quotes no writer of a later date. We are indebted to Stobaeus for a very valuable collection of extracts from earlier Greek writers. He was a man of very extensive reading, in the course of which he noted down the most interesting passages. The materials which he had collected in this way he arranged in the order of subjects, for the use of his son Septimius. This collection of extracts has come down to us divided into two distinct works, of which one bears the title of 'EK\oyal Queucou 8ia\€KTiKal Kal ijQiKat (Ecloga PJiysicte, &c.), and the other the title of *AvQoX6ywv (Florilegium or Sermones). The Ecloga consist, for the most part, of extracts conveying the views of earlier poets and prose writers on points of physics, dialectics, and ethics. The Florilegium, or Sermones, is devoted to subjects of a moral, political, and economical nature, and maxims of practical wisdom. Each chapter of the Ecloga and Sermones is headed by a title describing its matter. The extracts quoted in illustration begin usually with passages from the poets, after whom come historians, orators, philosophers, and physicians. To Stobaeus we are indebted for a large proportion of the fragments that remain of the lost works of the poets. Euripides seems to have been an especial favorite with him. He has quoted above five hundred passages from him in the Sermones, one hundred and fifty from Sophocles, and about two hundred from Menander. In extracting from prose writers Stobaeus sometimes quotes verbatim, sometimes gives only an epitome of the passage. Photius has given an alphabetical list of above five hundred Greek writers from whom Stobaeus has made extracts, the works of the greater part of whom have perished.
The best editions of the Ecloga are by Heeren, Gottingen, 1792-1801, 4 vols. 8vo, and by Gaisford, Oxford, 1850-51, 2 vols. 8vo. The best edition of the Florilegium is by Gaisford, Oxford, 1822, 4 vols. 8vo ; reprinted, Leipzig, 1823, 4 vols. 8vo.
1 Smithy Diet. Biogr., s. v.