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564 GREEK LITERATURE.

ors, patriarchs, bishops, &c. He wrote also a Breviarium Historicum, ot general history of events from 602 to 770,l

11. julius pollux, not the author of the Onomasticon, wrote a Chroni­cle with the title of Historia Physica, from the creation to the reign of Valens. A MS. in the National Library at Paris brings it down to the death of Romanus the younger in 963. This Chronicle is chiefly engrossed with church matters. 12. georgius cedrenus, a monk of the eleventh century, wrote a Chronicle, compiled chiefly from the former chronicles of Scylitzes and others. It is mixed up with fictions, and is one of the least valuable in the Byzantine collection. 13, simeon metaphrastes filled some high stations at the imperial court in the first part of the tenth century. His Chronicle comes down to 963, and has the merit of being compiled from the works of ten lost writers, who lived between Leo Grammaticus and Michael Psellus, 14. hippolytus, of Thebes, lived to­ward the end of the tenth and the beginning of the eleventh centuries. He wrote a Chronicle from the birth of our Savior to his own time. 15. michael glykas, whose country and age are not ascertained, wrote a Chronicle from the creation to the year 1118. It is valuable both for its historical and its biblical references. 16, constantine manasses, who lived in the twelfth century, has left a Chronicle in verse down to 1081.

17. ephrjsmius, believed to be the son of John XII., patriarch of Con­stantinople, wrote a Chronicle, in iambics, of the emperors, from Julius Caesar to the restoration of the Byzantine empire after the Prankish in­vasion. It is followed by a chronology of the patriarchs of Constantinople till 1313. The whole poem contains ten thousand four hundred and ten lines. Mai published it first in his Vatican collection of unedited MSS.

18. joel wrote a short general Chronicle of the world to the Prankish invasion of Constantinople in. 1204. 19. theodosius, of Melite, has left a Chronicle, which is not yet printed. Professor Tafel, of Tubingen, has published a notice of this writer (Tiibingen, 1828), from the MS. of his Chronicle at Tubingen, and which was brought from Constantinople by Gerlach in 1578. 20. hesychius, of Miletus, who lived under Justinus and Justinian, wrote a history of the world, which is lost, except a valu­able fragment on the origin of Constantinopley which has been extracted and preserved by Codinus.2

XL Besides the above historians and chroniclers, there are other By­zantine authors who have written on the statistics, politics, antiquities, &c., of the Roman empire, whose history, properly so called, they serve to illustrate, and who are generally included in the collection of Byzan­tine historical writers. Among these procopius stands foremost by his curious work, De Mdificiis Domini Justiniani (KriV^ora), in six books, which contains a brief notice of the towns, temples, convents, bridges, roads, walls, and fortifications built or repaired under the reign of Jus­tinian. 2. joannes laurentius, called lydus, from his being a native of Philadelphia, in Lydia, lived under Justinian, and was both a poet and prose writer. He has left a work " On the Roman Magistrates," which affords valuable assistance for the knowledge of Roman civil history. 1 Penny CyclopcBdia^ L c,

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