The Ancient Library

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another, De Sententns; and the third, De Virtute et Vitio. 13. gen-esius, who lived in the middle of the tenth century, wrote a history, in four books, containing the reigns of Leo V., the Armenian; Michael II., the Stammerer; Theophilus; Michael III.; and Basil L, the Macedonian, who died in 886. The work of Genesius is short, and altogether a poor compilation; but as it contains the events of a period of Byzantine his­tory of which we have but scanty information, it is, nevertheless, of im­portance. 14. leontius, of Byzantium, called the younger, wrote also a history of the same period, to serve as an introduction to Constantine's Life of Basilius. 15. An anonymous writer has left a continuation of Constantine's Life of Basilius, embracing the lives of Leo VI. and his brother Alexander, of Constantine VI. himself, and his son Romanus. 16. joannes cameniata, of Thessalonica, wrote an account of the taking of that city by the Saracens in 904, of whiclj he was an eye-witness.1

17. leo diaconus, of Kaloe, a town of Asia, near the sources of the Cayster, born about 950, accompanied Basilius II. in his. wars against the Bulgarians, and wrote the lives of Romanus, Nicephorus Phocas, and Tzimisces, from 959 to 975. 18. michael constantine psellus wrote a history from the death of Tzimisces, in 975, till the accession of Con­stantine Ducas in 1059. It has not yet been published. 19. nicephorus bryennius, the husband of Anna Comnena, wrote " Historical Materials," being a kind of memoirs of the Comneni family, to the accession of Alexis I. 20, anna comnena has written the history of her father Alexis. 21. joannes cinnamus, who lived toward the end of the twelfth century, was imperial notary at Constantinople. He wrote the lives of John Comne-nus and of Manuel his son, from 1118, where Anna Comnena ends, till 1176. Like his predecessors, he is partial against the Latins or Franks, and especially unjust toward Roger I. of Sicily, who was a great man for his time, though an enemy of the Byzantines. 22. georgius acropoli-ta, born in 1220, at Constantinople, filled several important offices under Michael Palaeologus, and died in 1282. There are two works under his name, one styled a " Chronography," and the other a " Short Chronicle of the late Events," both referring to the period from 1204, when the Franks took Constantinople, to 1261, when they were finally expelled. Acropoli-ta has also written a general chronicle, from the creation to the taking of Constantinople by the Franks, which is not yet printed. 23. georgius pachymeres (Tedpyios 6 TLaxvpepris), one of the most important of the By­zantine writers, was born at Nicaea in 1242. After the recovery of Con­stantinople by the Greeks, he was raised to high oflices in the state. He wrote a " Byzantine History," which forms a continuation to Acropolita's work, and comes down to 1308. Pachymeres is a faithful but dull writer. He wrote, also, several philosophical works, and a history of his own life.2

24. joannes cantacuzenus, after his abdication of the empire in 1355, retired to a convent, where he wrote a Byzantine history from 1320 to 1357. Cantacuzenus is, in general, a good authority for the history of that period, in which he acted an important part, though he is, of course, somewhat partial in his own cause. 25. joannes ducas, of the imperial

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1 Penny Cyctopadia, L c. * Ibid.

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