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BYZANTINE PERIOD. 557
The first edition of the Bibliotheca was put forth by Hoeschelius, Augsburg, 1601, fol-Some of the Epistles were subjoined. There was no Latin version. A Latin version, and scholia, by Schottus of Antwerp, were published in 1606, Augsburg, fol.; but the version is inaccurate, and has been severely criticised. It was, however, reprinted with the Greek text at Geneva, 1612, fol., and Rouen, 1653, fol. This last edition is a very splendid one, but inconvenient from its size. An edition with a revised text, formed on a collation of four MSS., was published by Bekker, Berlin, 1824-25, 2 vols. thin 4to. It is convenient from its size, and the copiousness of its index, but has neither version nor notes.
XIII. EuDociA,1 wife of the emperors Constantine XL (Ducas) and Ro-manus IV. (Diogenes), compiled a dictionary of history and mythology, which she called 'Iwtd, i. e., Collection or Bed of Violets. It is prefaced by an address to her husband Romanus Diogenes, in which she describes the work as " a collection of genealogies of gods, heroes, and heroines, of their metamorphoses, and of the fables and stories respecting them found in the ancients; containing, also, notices of various philosophers." The sources from which the work was compiled are, in a great degree, the same as those used in the lexicon of Suidas. This work was printed for the first time by Villoison, in his Anecdota Graca, vol. i., p. 1, seqq., Venice, 1781.
SEVENTH OR BYZANTINE PERIOD—continued. HISTORIANS.
I. before treating of the historians, properly so called, who belong to the present period, we must make mention of a writer that has rendered the greatest service to a branch of knowledge called, with reason, one of the eyes of history; for without this guide history runs the risk of losing herself amid the chaos of events that crowd around her. The science to which we refer is Chronology, and the writer is Eusebius.
II. eusebius (Euo-ej&os),2 of Caesarea, took the surname of pamphili, to commemorate his devoted friendship for Pamphilus, bishop of Caesarea. He was born in Palestine about A.D. 264, toward the end of the reign of the Emperor Gallienus. He was made Bishop of Caesarea in A.D. 315, and died about 340. Eusebius was a man of great learning. The work which will here claim our attention is the Chronicon (XpovtKa ircwro$cmr\s laropias), a work of great value to us in the study of ancient history. It is in two books. The first, entitled XpovoypaQia, contains a sketch of the history of several ancient nations, as the Chaldaeans, Assyrians, Medes, Persians, Lydians, Hebrews, and Egyptians. It is chiefly taken from the nej/rajSt/SAoj/ xpOJ/o\oyiK6v of Africanus, and gives lists of kings and other magistrates, with short accounts of remarkable events from the creation to the time of Eusebius. The second book consists of synchronological tables, with similar catalogues of rulers and striking occurrences, from the time of Abraham to the celebration of Constantine's Viccnnalia at Nic- 1 Smith, Diet. Biogr., s. v. 2 Id. ib.